tennessee
EXPLORE CAREER CLUSTERS

Select Your School District:

FILTER YOUR SEARCH

  • Annual
    Openings 0 - Max
  • Median
    Wages $0 - Max
  • Project
    New Jobs -60 - Max
  • Growth
    Rate -10.50% - 36.20%
  • Job Zone/
    Education Min - Max

Career Cluster Download/Print

Architecture and Construction

Career Cluster Description: Careers in designing, planning, managing, building and maintaining the built environment.

Occupation - Cluster Standard occupation title with associated career cluster. Annual
Openings Average number of job openings projected for each year.
Median
Wages Projected median annual wages.
Projected
New Jobs Projected numerical change in employment.
Growth
Rate Projected percent change in employment.
Pathway Career cluster pathway that outlines courses and training programs. Job Zone/
Education Categories developed by O*NET as indicators of the amount education, training, and experience needed to gain entry into profession.
  • Job Zone 1 = Little or no preparation (high school diploma or less)
  • Job Zone 2 = Some preparation (high school diploma)
  • Job Zone 3 = Medium preparation (trade certificate or associate’s degree)
  • Job Zone 4 = Considerable preparation (bachelor’s degree)
  • Job Zone 5 = Extensive preparation (master’s or doctorate degree)
Architects, Ex. Landscape & Naval - Architecture and Construction 126 $69,650 200 15.70% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Architectural & Civil Drafters - Architecture and Construction 111 $50,020 -60 -3.50% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Boilermakers - Architecture and Construction 44 $56,340 -30 -6.60% Maintenance/Operations 3
Brickmasons & Blockmasons - Architecture and Construction 202 $46,610 170 19.00% Construction 2
Carpenters - Architecture and Construction 1709 $37,890 1060 8.20% Construction 2
Carpet Installers - Architecture and Construction 54 $36,800 *** *** Construction 2
Cement Masons & Concrete Finishers - Architecture and Construction 343 $36,360 240 13.10% Construction 1
Civil Engineering Technicians - Architecture and Construction 159 $30,830 100 8.50% Design/Pre-Construction 3
Civil Engineers - Architecture and Construction 345 $87,450 750 18.90% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Commercial Divers - Architecture and Construction *** *** 30 31.20% Maintenance/Operations 3
Construction & Related Workers, All Other - Architecture and Construction 88 *** *** 0.50% Maintenance/Operations ***
Construction Laborers - Architecture and Construction 3427 $29,430 3600 15.40% Construction 2
Construction Managers - Architecture and Construction 673 $72,800 510 4.50% Construction 4
Continuous Mining Machine Operators - Architecture and Construction 24 $43,890 *** -9.80% Construction 2
Control & Valve Installers & Repairers, Ex. Mechanical Door - Architecture and Construction 84 $49,410 60 7.40% Maintenance/Operations 3
Conveyor Operators & Tenders - Architecture and Construction 191 $31,230 *** *** Construction 1
Cost Estimators - Architecture and Construction 368 $59,010 540 16.50% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Crane & Tower Operators - Architecture and Construction 81 $49,760 120 17.90% Construction 3
Dredge Operators - Architecture and Construction *** $40,530 -10 -1.80% Construction 2
Drywall & Ceiling Tile Installers - Architecture and Construction 185 $38,470 40 2.50% Construction 2
Earth Drillers, Ex. Oil & Gas - Architecture and Construction 38 $38,930 20 5.50% Construction 2
Electrical Power-Line Installers & Repairers - Architecture and Construction 274 $68,720 *** *** Maintenance/Operations 3
Electricians - Architecture and Construction 1684 $46,500 1640 12.90% Construction 3
Elevator Installers & Repairers - Architecture and Construction 59 $67,400 60 15.70% Maintenance/Operations 3
Excavating & Loading Machine & Dragline Operators - Architecture and Construction 252 $35,980 130 9.70% Construction 2
Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts & Blasters - Architecture and Construction 54 $37,030 20 4.20% Construction 2
Extraction Workers, All Other - Architecture and Construction *** *** *** -2.40% Construction ***
Fence Erectors - Architecture and Construction 58 $30,510 *** *** Construction 2
First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service & Groundskeeping Workers - Architecture and Construction 306 $41,420 270 6.30% Maintenance/Operations 3
Floor Layers, Ex. Carpet, Wood & Hard Tiles - Architecture and Construction 34 $30,900 30 10.70% Construction 2
Floor Sanders & Finishers - Architecture and Construction 16 $37,330 10 2.90% Construction 2
Glaziers - Architecture and Construction 123 $35,850 70 8.30% Construction 2
Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other - Architecture and Construction 167 $23,800 *** *** Maintenance/Operations ***
Heating, Air Conditioning & Refrigeration Mechanics & Installers - Architecture and Construction 942 $42,160 800 14.00% Maintenance/Operations 3
Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other - Architecture and Construction 130 $25,540 *** *** Construction ***
Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons & Tile & Marble Setters - Architecture and Construction 94 $28,600 100 24.30% Construction 2
Helpers--Carpenters - Architecture and Construction 90 $29,330 40 8.20% Construction 2
Helpers--Electricians - Architecture and Construction 387 $29,630 440 25.10% Construction 2
Helpers--Extraction Workers - Architecture and Construction 34 $33,280 *** *** Construction 2
Helpers--Installation, Maintenance & Repair Workers - Architecture and Construction 415 $28,640 200 9.70% Maintenance/Operations 2
Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers & Stucco Masons - Architecture and Construction 26 $28,600 *** *** Construction 1
Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters & Steamfitters - Architecture and Construction 242 $30,960 180 15.00% Construction 2
Helpers--Roofers - Architecture and Construction 55 $28,300 30 5.30% Construction 2
Highway Maintenance Workers - Architecture and Construction 185 $30,500 240 7.80% Maintenance/Operations 2
Hoist & Winch Operators - Architecture and Construction *** $35,710 10 3.20% Construction 2
Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling & Wall - Architecture and Construction 88 $31,120 80 16.00% Construction 2
Insulation Workers, Mechanical - Architecture and Construction 58 $36,680 130 36.20% Construction 2
Interior Designers - Architecture and Construction 195 $40,770 80 8.80% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Landscape Architects - Architecture and Construction 20 $73,350 *** *** Design/Pre-Construction 4
Landscaping & Groundskeeping Workers - Architecture and Construction 2881 $25,720 1590 7.80% Maintenance/Operations 1
Loading Machine Operators, Underground Mining - Architecture and Construction *** *** *** *** Construction 2
Manufactured Building & Mobile Home Installers - Architecture and Construction *** $28,170 -30 -10.50% Construction 2
Mechanical Door Repairers - Architecture and Construction 22 $37,910 80 18.70% Maintenance/Operations 2
Millwrights - Architecture and Construction 114 $50,050 140 14.90% Maintenance/Operations 2
Mine Cutting & Channeling Machine Operators - Architecture and Construction 12 $44,800 *** -9.40% Construction 2
Mining Machine Operators, All Other - Architecture and Construction 20 *** *** -0.80% Construction ***
Operating Engineers & Other Construction Equipment Operators - Architecture and Construction 708 $37,920 480 10.60% Construction 2
Painters, Construction & Maintenance - Architecture and Construction 678 $34,040 450 10.20% Construction 2
Paperhangers - Architecture and Construction *** *** *** 10.00% Construction 2
Paving, Surfacing & Tamping Equipment Operators - Architecture and Construction 226 $35,540 200 13.30% Construction 2
Pile-Driver Operators - Architecture and Construction *** *** 10 26.30% Construction 2
Pipelayers - Architecture and Construction 147 $33,560 200 12.50% Construction 2
Plasterers & Stucco Masons - Architecture and Construction 33 $38,530 30 6.80% Construction 1
Plumbers, Pipefitters & Steamfitters - Architecture and Construction 934 $46,920 830 11.00% Construction ***
Refractory Materials Repairers, Ex. Brickmasons - Architecture and Construction 11 $38,180 10 19.70% Maintenance/Operations 2
Reinforcing Iron & Rebar Workers - Architecture and Construction 62 $38,630 10 10.20% Construction 2
Riggers - Architecture and Construction 32 $41,450 40 33.00% Construction 2
Rock Splitters, Quarry - Architecture and Construction *** $35,060 *** *** Construction 1
Roof Bolters, Mining - Architecture and Construction *** *** *** *** Construction 2
Roofers - Architecture and Construction 293 $34,000 -10 -0.40% Construction 2
Rotary Drill Operators, Oil & Gas - Architecture and Construction *** $44,220 *** 13.90% Construction 2
Roustabouts, Oil & Gas - Architecture and Construction 13 *** *** *** Construction 1
Segmental Pavers - Architecture and Construction *** *** *** *** Construction 2
Septic Tank Servicers & Sewer Pipe Cleaners - Architecture and Construction 73 $32,900 60 13.20% Maintenance/Operations 1
Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas & Mining - Architecture and Construction 13 $41,820 *** *** Construction 2
Sheet Metal Workers - Architecture and Construction 323 $43,740 190 4.80% Construction 2
Solar Photovoltaic Installers - Architecture and Construction 20 *** 60 8.50% Construction 2
Stationary Engineers & Boiler Operators - Architecture and Construction 86 $51,350 30 5.00% Maintenance/Operations 3
Stonemasons - Architecture and Construction 23 $43,120 *** 2.10% Construction 3
Structural Iron & Steel Workers - Architecture and Construction 130 $39,170 90 8.60% Construction 2
Structural Metal Fabricators & Fitters - Architecture and Construction 293 $31,690 100 5.00% Construction 3
Supervisors of Construction & Extraction Workers - Architecture and Construction 1303 $54,970 1000 11.00% Construction 3
Surveying & Mapping Technicians - Architecture and Construction 136 $42,660 180 14.00% Design/Pre-Construction 3
Surveyors - Architecture and Construction 73 $44,540 70 9.90% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Tapers - Architecture and Construction 21 *** *** 1.70% Construction 2
Terrazzo Workers & Finishers - Architecture and Construction *** $31,760 *** *** Construction 2
Tile & Marble Setters - Architecture and Construction 100 $35,890 *** 0.60% Construction 2

Architecture and Construction Pathways

  • Design/Pre-Construction

    Pathway Description: People with careers in design/pre-construction create our future! They turn a concept into a set of plans. Their plans guide other construction professionals as they continue the building process.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Introduction to the Built Environment: This core course for the Architecture and Construction Career Cluster will build a knowledge base and technical skills in all aspects of the industry. Learners will be exposed to a broad range of architecture and construction careers and cluster foundation knowledge and skills including basic safety, plan reading, use of tools and equipment and basic rigging as well as how to employ positive work ethics in their careers. Possible student certifications to be earned include NCCER Core, RCA Series, Basic First Aid and CPR. Participation in SkillsUSA will reinforce cluster knowledge and skills. It is recommended that a construction mathematics course be offered in conjunction with this introductory skills course. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    The Language of Architecture and Construction: Students will build the skills necessary to understand what is being communicated through drawings and documents and, in turn, convey ideas, duties and tasks to others in a form representing the industry. Students will use and follow industry-specific verbal and visual skills to accomplish workplace/job-site communications. Students will exhibit public relations skills and enhance communication skills by listening to and speaking with a variety of individuals. Students will learn universal signs and symbols such as colors, flags, stakes and hand signals to function safely in the workplace.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    Safety, Health and the Workplace Environment: Students will develop in-depth skills for maintaining a safe and productive environment including following regulations to perform inspections, participate in emergency response teams to perform emergency drills, identify unsafe conditions and take corrective actions, and provide a safety orientation to train other employees in safe practices and emergency procedures. Students will ensure that equipment is being used safely in the workplace by training others to use equipment safely, suggest processes and procedures to support safety, and fulfill safety and health requirements for maintenance, installation and repair. Students will monitor equipment and operator performance to assure workplace safety and compliance with both company and national regulations. Efforts will be made to ensure all practices teach students how to accommodate individuals with varying physical abilities. It is suggested that the requirements for OSHA-10 be completed by the end of the 11th grade.

    Principles of Design and Pre-Construction: This course provides an overview of processes used in design and pre-construction. Students will develop problem-solving and critical-thinking skills by identifying the relationship between available resources and requirements of a project/problem to accomplish realistic planning. Students will employ basic methods of data collection and analysis to provide potential clients with information for projects.

    Applications in Design and Pre-Construction: Students will develop skills that relate to design and pre-construction. Course content will include steps for managing project assignments in a timely manner and developing skills for working as individuals and as team members to accomplish assignments. Students will complete a capstone project in their work-based learning experience that utilizes the knowledge and skills learned in the Design and Pre-Construction Pathway.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: SkillsUSA

  • Construction

    Pathway Description: Employees in construction literally build our future! These are the people who build and remodel houses, apartments, industrial buildings, warehouses, office buildings, churches, schools and recreational facilities. This pathway also includes the builders of highways, streets, bridges, tunnels and airports as well as power plants, chemical plants, refineries and mills.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Introduction to the Built Environment: This core course for the Architecture and Construction Career Cluster will build a knowledge base and technical skills in all aspects of the industry. Learners will be exposed to a broad range of architecture and construction careers and cluster foundation knowledge and skills including basic safety, plan reading, use of tools and equipment and basic rigging as well as how to employ positive work ethics in their careers. Possible student certifications to be earned include NCCER Core, RCA Series, Basic First Aid and CPR. Participation in SkillsUSA will reinforce cluster knowledge and skills. It is recommended that a construction mathematics course be offered in conjunction with this introductory skills course. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    The Language of Architecture and Construction: Students will build the skills necessary to understand what is being communicated through drawings and documents and, in turn, convey ideas, duties and tasks to others in a form representing the industry. Students will use and follow industry-specific verbal and visual skills to accomplish workplace/job-site communications. Students will exhibit public relations skills and enhance communication skills by listening to and speaking with a variety of individuals. Students will learn universal signs and symbols such as colors, flags, stakes and hand signals to function safely in the workplace.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    Safety, Health and the Workplace Environment: Students will develop in-depth skills for maintaining a safe and productive environment including following regulations to perform inspections, participate in emergency response teams to perform emergency drills, identify unsafe conditions and take corrective actions, and provide a safety orientation to train other employees in safe practices and emergency procedures. Students will ensure that equipment is being used safely in the workplace, suggest processes and procedures to support safety in the workplace, and fulfill safety and health requirements for maintenance, installation and repair. Students will monitor equipment and operator performance to assure workplace safety and compliance with both company and national regulations.

    Principles of Construction: This course provides an overview of the total construction process including the safe use of tools and equipment, city and regional planning, construction management, contracting, labor and management relations, the design process, methods and materials, estimating and bidding, scheduling and purchasing, construction, and equipment. Students will develop problem-solving and critical-thinking skills by identifying the relationship between available resources and requirements of a project/problem to accomplish realistic planning and reinforce quality and resource management.

    Applications in Construction: Students will develop skills that relate to the construction industry. Course content will include scheduling, estimating, steps for managing project assignments in a timely manner, and development of skills for working as individuals and as team members to accomplish assignments. Math skills us

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: SkillsUSA

  • Maintenance/Operations

    Pathway Description: Employees with careers in maintenance/operations keep our future intact! These are the people who unload, inspect, and move new equipment into position. They determine the optimal placement of machines in a plant, assemble machinery, install machinery, repair machinery and perform preventive maintenance. They detect, diagnose and correct minor problems on machinery. They keep the structure of an establishment in good repair. They maintain the smooth operation of refineries, power plants, chemical plants and mills.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Introduction to the Built Environment: This core course for the Architecture and Construction Career Cluster will build a knowledge base and technical skills in all aspects of the industry. Learners will be exposed to a broad range of architecture and construction careers and cluster foundation knowledge and skills including basic safety, plan reading, use of tools and equipment and basic rigging as well as how to employ positive work ethics in their careers. Possible student certifications to be earned include NCCER Core, RCA Series, Basic First Aid and CPR. Participation in SkillsUSA will reinforce cluster knowledge and skills. It is recommended that a construction mathematics course be offered in conjunction with this introductory skills course. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    The Language of Architecture and Construction: Students will build the skills necessary to understand what is being communicated through drawings and documents and, in turn, convey ideas, duties and tasks to others in a form representing the industry. Students will use and follow industry-specific verbal and visual skills to accomplish workplace/job-site communications. Students will exhibit public relations skills and enhance communication skills by listening to and speaking with a variety of individuals. Students will learn universal signs and symbols such as colors, flags, stakes and hand signals to function safely in the workplace.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    Safety, Health and the Workplace Environment: Students will develop in-depth skills for maintaining a safe and productive environment including following regulations to perform inspections, participate in emergency response teams to perform emergency drills, identify unsafe conditions and take corrective actions, and provide a safety orientation to train other employees in safe practices and emergency procedures. Students will ensure that equipment is being used safely in the workplace, suggest processes and procedures to support safety in the workplace, and fulfill safety and health requirements for maintenance, installation and repair. Students will monitor equipment and operator performance to assure workplace safety and compliance with both company and national regulations.

    Principles of Maintenance and Operations: This course provides an overview of processes used in maintenance and operations occupations within the Architecture and Construction Career Cluster. Students will develop problem-solving and critical-thinking skills by identifying the relationship between available resources and requirements of a project/problem to accomplish realistic planning. Students will employ basic methods of data collection and analysis to provide potential clients with information for projects.

    Applications in Maintenance and Operations: Students will develop skills that relate to commissioning maintenance and operations. Course content will include steps for managing project assignments in a timely manner and development of skills for working as individuals and as team members to accomplish assignments. Students will complete a project that utilizes the knowledge and skills learned in the Maintenance and Operations Pathway

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: SkillsUSA

Additional Pathways
  • Construction & Building Inspectors
  • Installation
  • Repair
Programs of Study

The Perkins crosswalk of educational programs of study to occupations identifies a number of programs relevant to this career cluster:

  • 04.0201 Architecture.
  • 04.0401 Environmental Design/Architecture.
  • 04.0501 Interior Architecture.
  • 04.0601 Landscape Architecture.
  • 04.0801 Architectural History and Criticism, General.
  • 04.0901 Architectural Technology/Technician.
  • 04.0902 Architectural and Building Sciences/Technology.
  • 04.0999 Architectural Sciences and Technology, Other.
  • 04.1001 Real Estate Development.
  • 04.9999 Architecture and Related Services, Other.
  • 46.0000 Construction Trades, General.
  • 46.0101 Mason/Masonry.
  • 46.0201 Carpentry/Carpenter.
  • 46.0301 Electrical and Power Transmission Installation/Installer, General.
  • 46.0302 Electrician.
  • 46.0303 Lineworker.
  • 46.0399 Electrical and Power Transmission Installers, Other.
  • 46.0401 Building/Property Maintenance.
  • 46.0402 Concrete Finishing/Concrete Finisher.
  • 46.0403 Building/Home/Construction Inspection/Inspector.
  • 46.0404 Drywall Installation/Drywaller.
  • 46.0406 Glazier.
  • 46.0408 Painting/Painter and Wall Coverer.
  • 46.0410 Roofer.
  • 46.0411 Metal Building Assembly/Assembler.
  • 46.0412 Building/Construction Site Management/Manager.
  • 46.0413 Carpet, Floor, and Tile Worker.
  • 46.0414 Insulator.
  • 46.0415 Building Construction Technology.
  • 46.0499 Building/Construction Finishing, Management, and Inspection, Other.
  • 46.0502 Pipefitting/Pipefitter and Sprinkler Fitter.
  • 46.0503 Plumbing Technology/Plumber.
  • 46.0504 Well Drilling/Driller.
  • 46.0505 Blasting/Blaster.
  • 46.0599 Plumbing and Related Water Supply Services, Other.
  • 46.9999 Construction Trades, Other.
  • 47.0110 Security System Installation, Repair, and Inspection Technology/Technician.
  • 47.0201 Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician.
  • 48.0509 Ironworking/Ironworker.
  • 48.0801 Boilermaking/Boilermaker.
  • 49.0202 Construction/Heavy Equipment/Earthmoving Equipment Operation.
  • 49.0206 Mobil Crane Operation/Operator.
  • 49.0304 Diver, Professional and Instructor.
  • 50.0408 Interior Design.
  • 52.2001 Construction Management.
  • 15.0101 Architectural Engineering Technology/Technician.
  • 15.0201 Civil Engineering Technology/Technician.
  • 15.0503 Energy Management and Systems Technology/Technician.
  • 15.1001 Construction Engineering Technology/Technician.
  • 15.1303 Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD.
  • 15.1304 Civil Drafting and Civil Engineering CAD/CADD.
  • 15.1305 Electrical/Electronics Drafting and Electrical/Electronics CAD/CADD.
  • 15.1306 Mechanical Drafting and Mechanical Drafting CAD/CADD.
  • 15.1399 Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/Technicians, Other.
  • 19.0605 Home Furnishings and Equipment Installers.
  • 15.1303 Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD

Career Cluster

Architecture and Construction

Career Cluster Description: Careers in designing, planning, managing, building and maintaining the built environment.

Occupation - Cluster Annual
Openings
Median
Wages
Projected
New Jobs
Growth
Rate
Pathway Job Zone/
Education
Construction Laborers - Architecture and Construction 3427 $29,430 3600 15.40% Construction 2
Landscaping & Groundskeeping Workers - Architecture and Construction 2881 $25,720 1590 7.80% Maintenance/Operations 1
Carpenters - Architecture and Construction 1709 $37,890 1060 8.20% Construction 2
Electricians - Architecture and Construction 1684 $46,500 1640 12.90% Construction 3
Supervisors of Construction & Extraction Workers - Architecture and Construction 1303 $54,970 1000 11.00% Construction 3
Heating, Air Conditioning & Refrigeration Mechanics & Installers - Architecture and Construction 942 $42,160 800 14.00% Maintenance/Operations 3
Plumbers, Pipefitters & Steamfitters - Architecture and Construction 934 $46,920 830 11.00% Construction ***
Operating Engineers & Other Construction Equipment Operators - Architecture and Construction 708 $37,920 480 10.60% Construction 2
Painters, Construction & Maintenance - Architecture and Construction 678 $34,040 450 10.20% Construction 2
Construction Managers - Architecture and Construction 673 $72,800 510 4.50% Construction 4
Helpers--Installation, Maintenance & Repair Workers - Architecture and Construction 415 $28,640 200 9.70% Maintenance/Operations 2
Helpers--Electricians - Architecture and Construction 387 $29,630 440 25.10% Construction 2
Cost Estimators - Architecture and Construction 368 $59,010 540 16.50% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Civil Engineers - Architecture and Construction 345 $87,450 750 18.90% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Cement Masons & Concrete Finishers - Architecture and Construction 343 $36,360 240 13.10% Construction 1
Sheet Metal Workers - Architecture and Construction 323 $43,740 190 4.80% Construction 2
First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service & Groundskeeping Workers - Architecture and Construction 306 $41,420 270 6.30% Maintenance/Operations 3
Roofers - Architecture and Construction 293 $34,000 -10 -0.40% Construction 2
Structural Metal Fabricators & Fitters - Architecture and Construction 293 $31,690 100 5.00% Construction 3
Electrical Power-Line Installers & Repairers - Architecture and Construction 274 $68,720 *** *** Maintenance/Operations 3
Excavating & Loading Machine & Dragline Operators - Architecture and Construction 252 $35,980 130 9.70% Construction 2
Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters & Steamfitters - Architecture and Construction 242 $30,960 180 15.00% Construction 2
Paving, Surfacing & Tamping Equipment Operators - Architecture and Construction 226 $35,540 200 13.30% Construction 2
Brickmasons & Blockmasons - Architecture and Construction 202 $46,610 170 19.00% Construction 2
Interior Designers - Architecture and Construction 195 $40,770 80 8.80% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Conveyor Operators & Tenders - Architecture and Construction 191 $31,230 *** *** Construction 1
Highway Maintenance Workers - Architecture and Construction 185 $30,500 240 7.80% Maintenance/Operations 2
Drywall & Ceiling Tile Installers - Architecture and Construction 185 $38,470 40 2.50% Construction 2
Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other - Architecture and Construction 167 $23,800 *** *** Maintenance/Operations ***
Civil Engineering Technicians - Architecture and Construction 159 $30,830 100 8.50% Design/Pre-Construction 3
Pipelayers - Architecture and Construction 147 $33,560 200 12.50% Construction 2
Surveying & Mapping Technicians - Architecture and Construction 136 $42,660 180 14.00% Design/Pre-Construction 3
Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other - Architecture and Construction 130 $25,540 *** *** Construction ***
Structural Iron & Steel Workers - Architecture and Construction 130 $39,170 90 8.60% Construction 2
Architects, Ex. Landscape & Naval - Architecture and Construction 126 $69,650 200 15.70% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Glaziers - Architecture and Construction 123 $35,850 70 8.30% Construction 2
Millwrights - Architecture and Construction 114 $50,050 140 14.90% Maintenance/Operations 2
Architectural & Civil Drafters - Architecture and Construction 111 $50,020 -60 -3.50% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Tile & Marble Setters - Architecture and Construction 100 $35,890 *** 0.60% Construction 2
Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons & Tile & Marble Setters - Architecture and Construction 94 $28,600 100 24.30% Construction 2
Helpers--Carpenters - Architecture and Construction 90 $29,330 40 8.20% Construction 2
Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling & Wall - Architecture and Construction 88 $31,120 80 16.00% Construction 2
Construction & Related Workers, All Other - Architecture and Construction 88 *** *** 0.50% Maintenance/Operations ***
Stationary Engineers & Boiler Operators - Architecture and Construction 86 $51,350 30 5.00% Maintenance/Operations 3
Control & Valve Installers & Repairers, Ex. Mechanical Door - Architecture and Construction 84 $49,410 60 7.40% Maintenance/Operations 3
Crane & Tower Operators - Architecture and Construction 81 $49,760 120 17.90% Construction 3
Surveyors - Architecture and Construction 73 $44,540 70 9.90% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Septic Tank Servicers & Sewer Pipe Cleaners - Architecture and Construction 73 $32,900 60 13.20% Maintenance/Operations 1
Reinforcing Iron & Rebar Workers - Architecture and Construction 62 $38,630 10 10.20% Construction 2
Elevator Installers & Repairers - Architecture and Construction 59 $67,400 60 15.70% Maintenance/Operations 3
Insulation Workers, Mechanical - Architecture and Construction 58 $36,680 130 36.20% Construction 2
Fence Erectors - Architecture and Construction 58 $30,510 *** *** Construction 2
Helpers--Roofers - Architecture and Construction 55 $28,300 30 5.30% Construction 2
Carpet Installers - Architecture and Construction 54 $36,800 *** *** Construction 2
Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts & Blasters - Architecture and Construction 54 $37,030 20 4.20% Construction 2
Boilermakers - Architecture and Construction 44 $56,340 -30 -6.60% Maintenance/Operations 3
Earth Drillers, Ex. Oil & Gas - Architecture and Construction 38 $38,930 20 5.50% Construction 2
Helpers--Extraction Workers - Architecture and Construction 34 $33,280 *** *** Construction 2
Floor Layers, Ex. Carpet, Wood & Hard Tiles - Architecture and Construction 34 $30,900 30 10.70% Construction 2
Plasterers & Stucco Masons - Architecture and Construction 33 $38,530 30 6.80% Construction 1
Riggers - Architecture and Construction 32 $41,450 40 33.00% Construction 2
Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers & Stucco Masons - Architecture and Construction 26 $28,600 *** *** Construction 1
Continuous Mining Machine Operators - Architecture and Construction 24 $43,890 *** -9.80% Construction 2
Stonemasons - Architecture and Construction 23 $43,120 *** 2.10% Construction 3
Mechanical Door Repairers - Architecture and Construction 22 $37,910 80 18.70% Maintenance/Operations 2
Tapers - Architecture and Construction 21 *** *** 1.70% Construction 2
Mining Machine Operators, All Other - Architecture and Construction 20 *** *** -0.80% Construction ***
Landscape Architects - Architecture and Construction 20 $73,350 *** *** Design/Pre-Construction 4
Solar Photovoltaic Installers - Architecture and Construction 20 *** 60 8.50% Construction 2
Floor Sanders & Finishers - Architecture and Construction 16 $37,330 10 2.90% Construction 2
Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas & Mining - Architecture and Construction 13 $41,820 *** *** Construction 2
Roustabouts, Oil & Gas - Architecture and Construction 13 *** *** *** Construction 1
Mine Cutting & Channeling Machine Operators - Architecture and Construction 12 $44,800 *** -9.40% Construction 2
Refractory Materials Repairers, Ex. Brickmasons - Architecture and Construction 11 $38,180 10 19.70% Maintenance/Operations 2
Terrazzo Workers & Finishers - Architecture and Construction *** $31,760 *** *** Construction 2
Hoist & Winch Operators - Architecture and Construction *** $35,710 10 3.20% Construction 2
Commercial Divers - Architecture and Construction *** *** 30 31.20% Maintenance/Operations 3
Extraction Workers, All Other - Architecture and Construction *** *** *** -2.40% Construction ***
Pile-Driver Operators - Architecture and Construction *** *** 10 26.30% Construction 2
Loading Machine Operators, Underground Mining - Architecture and Construction *** *** *** *** Construction 2
Paperhangers - Architecture and Construction *** *** *** 10.00% Construction 2
Manufactured Building & Mobile Home Installers - Architecture and Construction *** $28,170 -30 -10.50% Construction 2
Segmental Pavers - Architecture and Construction *** *** *** *** Construction 2
Rotary Drill Operators, Oil & Gas - Architecture and Construction *** $44,220 *** 13.90% Construction 2
Roof Bolters, Mining - Architecture and Construction *** *** *** *** Construction 2
Rock Splitters, Quarry - Architecture and Construction *** $35,060 *** *** Construction 1
Dredge Operators - Architecture and Construction *** $40,530 -10 -1.80% Construction 2

Architecture and Construction Pathways

  • Design/Pre-Construction

    Pathway Description: People with careers in design/pre-construction create our future! They turn a concept into a set of plans. Their plans guide other construction professionals as they continue the building process.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Introduction to the Built Environment: This core course for the Architecture and Construction Career Cluster will build a knowledge base and technical skills in all aspects of the industry. Learners will be exposed to a broad range of architecture and construction careers and cluster foundation knowledge and skills including basic safety, plan reading, use of tools and equipment and basic rigging as well as how to employ positive work ethics in their careers. Possible student certifications to be earned include NCCER Core, RCA Series, Basic First Aid and CPR. Participation in SkillsUSA will reinforce cluster knowledge and skills. It is recommended that a construction mathematics course be offered in conjunction with this introductory skills course. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    The Language of Architecture and Construction: Students will build the skills necessary to understand what is being communicated through drawings and documents and, in turn, convey ideas, duties and tasks to others in a form representing the industry. Students will use and follow industry-specific verbal and visual skills to accomplish workplace/job-site communications. Students will exhibit public relations skills and enhance communication skills by listening to and speaking with a variety of individuals. Students will learn universal signs and symbols such as colors, flags, stakes and hand signals to function safely in the workplace.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    Safety, Health and the Workplace Environment: Students will develop in-depth skills for maintaining a safe and productive environment including following regulations to perform inspections, participate in emergency response teams to perform emergency drills, identify unsafe conditions and take corrective actions, and provide a safety orientation to train other employees in safe practices and emergency procedures. Students will ensure that equipment is being used safely in the workplace by training others to use equipment safely, suggest processes and procedures to support safety, and fulfill safety and health requirements for maintenance, installation and repair. Students will monitor equipment and operator performance to assure workplace safety and compliance with both company and national regulations. Efforts will be made to ensure all practices teach students how to accommodate individuals with varying physical abilities. It is suggested that the requirements for OSHA-10 be completed by the end of the 11th grade.

    Principles of Design and Pre-Construction: This course provides an overview of processes used in design and pre-construction. Students will develop problem-solving and critical-thinking skills by identifying the relationship between available resources and requirements of a project/problem to accomplish realistic planning. Students will employ basic methods of data collection and analysis to provide potential clients with information for projects.

    Applications in Design and Pre-Construction: Students will develop skills that relate to design and pre-construction. Course content will include steps for managing project assignments in a timely manner and developing skills for working as individuals and as team members to accomplish assignments. Students will complete a capstone project in their work-based learning experience that utilizes the knowledge and skills learned in the Design and Pre-Construction Pathway.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: SkillsUSA

  • Construction

    Pathway Description: Employees in construction literally build our future! These are the people who build and remodel houses, apartments, industrial buildings, warehouses, office buildings, churches, schools and recreational facilities. This pathway also includes the builders of highways, streets, bridges, tunnels and airports as well as power plants, chemical plants, refineries and mills.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Introduction to the Built Environment: This core course for the Architecture and Construction Career Cluster will build a knowledge base and technical skills in all aspects of the industry. Learners will be exposed to a broad range of architecture and construction careers and cluster foundation knowledge and skills including basic safety, plan reading, use of tools and equipment and basic rigging as well as how to employ positive work ethics in their careers. Possible student certifications to be earned include NCCER Core, RCA Series, Basic First Aid and CPR. Participation in SkillsUSA will reinforce cluster knowledge and skills. It is recommended that a construction mathematics course be offered in conjunction with this introductory skills course. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    The Language of Architecture and Construction: Students will build the skills necessary to understand what is being communicated through drawings and documents and, in turn, convey ideas, duties and tasks to others in a form representing the industry. Students will use and follow industry-specific verbal and visual skills to accomplish workplace/job-site communications. Students will exhibit public relations skills and enhance communication skills by listening to and speaking with a variety of individuals. Students will learn universal signs and symbols such as colors, flags, stakes and hand signals to function safely in the workplace.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    Safety, Health and the Workplace Environment: Students will develop in-depth skills for maintaining a safe and productive environment including following regulations to perform inspections, participate in emergency response teams to perform emergency drills, identify unsafe conditions and take corrective actions, and provide a safety orientation to train other employees in safe practices and emergency procedures. Students will ensure that equipment is being used safely in the workplace, suggest processes and procedures to support safety in the workplace, and fulfill safety and health requirements for maintenance, installation and repair. Students will monitor equipment and operator performance to assure workplace safety and compliance with both company and national regulations.

    Principles of Construction: This course provides an overview of the total construction process including the safe use of tools and equipment, city and regional planning, construction management, contracting, labor and management relations, the design process, methods and materials, estimating and bidding, scheduling and purchasing, construction, and equipment. Students will develop problem-solving and critical-thinking skills by identifying the relationship between available resources and requirements of a project/problem to accomplish realistic planning and reinforce quality and resource management.

    Applications in Construction: Students will develop skills that relate to the construction industry. Course content will include scheduling, estimating, steps for managing project assignments in a timely manner, and development of skills for working as individuals and as team members to accomplish assignments. Math skills us

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: SkillsUSA

  • Maintenance/Operations

    Pathway Description: Employees with careers in maintenance/operations keep our future intact! These are the people who unload, inspect, and move new equipment into position. They determine the optimal placement of machines in a plant, assemble machinery, install machinery, repair machinery and perform preventive maintenance. They detect, diagnose and correct minor problems on machinery. They keep the structure of an establishment in good repair. They maintain the smooth operation of refineries, power plants, chemical plants and mills.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Introduction to the Built Environment: This core course for the Architecture and Construction Career Cluster will build a knowledge base and technical skills in all aspects of the industry. Learners will be exposed to a broad range of architecture and construction careers and cluster foundation knowledge and skills including basic safety, plan reading, use of tools and equipment and basic rigging as well as how to employ positive work ethics in their careers. Possible student certifications to be earned include NCCER Core, RCA Series, Basic First Aid and CPR. Participation in SkillsUSA will reinforce cluster knowledge and skills. It is recommended that a construction mathematics course be offered in conjunction with this introductory skills course. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    The Language of Architecture and Construction: Students will build the skills necessary to understand what is being communicated through drawings and documents and, in turn, convey ideas, duties and tasks to others in a form representing the industry. Students will use and follow industry-specific verbal and visual skills to accomplish workplace/job-site communications. Students will exhibit public relations skills and enhance communication skills by listening to and speaking with a variety of individuals. Students will learn universal signs and symbols such as colors, flags, stakes and hand signals to function safely in the workplace.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    Safety, Health and the Workplace Environment: Students will develop in-depth skills for maintaining a safe and productive environment including following regulations to perform inspections, participate in emergency response teams to perform emergency drills, identify unsafe conditions and take corrective actions, and provide a safety orientation to train other employees in safe practices and emergency procedures. Students will ensure that equipment is being used safely in the workplace, suggest processes and procedures to support safety in the workplace, and fulfill safety and health requirements for maintenance, installation and repair. Students will monitor equipment and operator performance to assure workplace safety and compliance with both company and national regulations.

    Principles of Maintenance and Operations: This course provides an overview of processes used in maintenance and operations occupations within the Architecture and Construction Career Cluster. Students will develop problem-solving and critical-thinking skills by identifying the relationship between available resources and requirements of a project/problem to accomplish realistic planning. Students will employ basic methods of data collection and analysis to provide potential clients with information for projects.

    Applications in Maintenance and Operations: Students will develop skills that relate to commissioning maintenance and operations. Course content will include steps for managing project assignments in a timely manner and development of skills for working as individuals and as team members to accomplish assignments. Students will complete a project that utilizes the knowledge and skills learned in the Maintenance and Operations Pathway

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: SkillsUSA

Additional Pathways
  • Construction & Building Inspectors
  • Installation
  • Repair
Programs of Study

The Perkins crosswalk of educational programs of study to occupations identifies a number of programs relevant to this career cluster:

  • 04.0201 Architecture.
  • 04.0401 Environmental Design/Architecture.
  • 04.0501 Interior Architecture.
  • 04.0601 Landscape Architecture.
  • 04.0801 Architectural History and Criticism, General.
  • 04.0901 Architectural Technology/Technician.
  • 04.0902 Architectural and Building Sciences/Technology.
  • 04.0999 Architectural Sciences and Technology, Other.
  • 04.1001 Real Estate Development.
  • 04.9999 Architecture and Related Services, Other.
  • 46.0000 Construction Trades, General.
  • 46.0101 Mason/Masonry.
  • 46.0201 Carpentry/Carpenter.
  • 46.0301 Electrical and Power Transmission Installation/Installer, General.
  • 46.0302 Electrician.
  • 46.0303 Lineworker.
  • 46.0399 Electrical and Power Transmission Installers, Other.
  • 46.0401 Building/Property Maintenance.
  • 46.0402 Concrete Finishing/Concrete Finisher.
  • 46.0403 Building/Home/Construction Inspection/Inspector.
  • 46.0404 Drywall Installation/Drywaller.
  • 46.0406 Glazier.
  • 46.0408 Painting/Painter and Wall Coverer.
  • 46.0410 Roofer.
  • 46.0411 Metal Building Assembly/Assembler.
  • 46.0412 Building/Construction Site Management/Manager.
  • 46.0413 Carpet, Floor, and Tile Worker.
  • 46.0414 Insulator.
  • 46.0415 Building Construction Technology.
  • 46.0499 Building/Construction Finishing, Management, and Inspection, Other.
  • 46.0502 Pipefitting/Pipefitter and Sprinkler Fitter.
  • 46.0503 Plumbing Technology/Plumber.
  • 46.0504 Well Drilling/Driller.
  • 46.0505 Blasting/Blaster.
  • 46.0599 Plumbing and Related Water Supply Services, Other.
  • 46.9999 Construction Trades, Other.
  • 47.0110 Security System Installation, Repair, and Inspection Technology/Technician.
  • 47.0201 Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician.
  • 48.0509 Ironworking/Ironworker.
  • 48.0801 Boilermaking/Boilermaker.
  • 49.0202 Construction/Heavy Equipment/Earthmoving Equipment Operation.
  • 49.0206 Mobil Crane Operation/Operator.
  • 49.0304 Diver, Professional and Instructor.
  • 50.0408 Interior Design.
  • 52.2001 Construction Management.
  • 15.0101 Architectural Engineering Technology/Technician.
  • 15.0201 Civil Engineering Technology/Technician.
  • 15.0503 Energy Management and Systems Technology/Technician.
  • 15.1001 Construction Engineering Technology/Technician.
  • 15.1303 Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD.
  • 15.1304 Civil Drafting and Civil Engineering CAD/CADD.
  • 15.1305 Electrical/Electronics Drafting and Electrical/Electronics CAD/CADD.
  • 15.1306 Mechanical Drafting and Mechanical Drafting CAD/CADD.
  • 15.1399 Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/Technicians, Other.
  • 19.0605 Home Furnishings and Equipment Installers.
  • 15.1303 Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD