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Career Cluster Download/Print

Business Management and Administration

Career Cluster Description: Careers in planning, organizing, directing and evaluating business functions essential to efficient and productive business operations.

Occupation - Cluster Standard occupation title with associated career cluster. Annual
Openings Average number of job openings projected for each year.
Median
Wages Projected median annual wages.
Projected
New Jobs Projected numerical change in employment.
Growth
Rate Projected percent change in employment.
Pathway Career cluster pathway that outlines courses and training programs. Job Zone/
Education Categories developed by O*NET as indicators of the amount education, training, and experience needed to gain entry into profession.
  • Job Zone 1 = Little or no preparation (high school diploma or less)
  • Job Zone 2 = Some preparation (high school diploma)
  • Job Zone 3 = Medium preparation (trade certificate or associate’s degree)
  • Job Zone 4 = Considerable preparation (bachelor’s degree)
  • Job Zone 5 = Extensive preparation (master’s or doctorate degree)
Administrative Services Managers - Business Management and Administration 608 $74,540 1280 17.30% Operations Management 3
Bookkeeping, Accounting & Auditing Clerks - Business Management and Administration 3707 $37,400 6010 18.00% Administrative Support 3
Business Operations Specialists, All Other - Business Management and Administration 1565 $56,840 1620 12.80% Operations Management ***
Chief Executives - Business Management and Administration 530 $123,170 1490 10.90% General Management 5
Communications Equipment Operators, All Other - Business Management and Administration 14 $44,770 *** *** Administrative Support ***
Compensation & Benefits Managers - Business Management and Administration 157 $92,870 80 13.30% Human Resources Management 4
Compensation, Benefits & Job Analysis Specialists - Business Management and Administration 39 $58,220 240 17.10% Human Resources Management 4
Computer & Information Systems Managers - Business Management and Administration 474 $109,610 1250 22.90% Business Information Management 4
Computer Operators - Business Management and Administration 210 $41,490 -120 -4.60% Administrative Support 3
Correspondence Clerks - Business Management and Administration 45 *** *** *** Administrative Support 2
Customer Service Representatives - Business Management and Administration 8188 $30,720 9010 17.90% Administrative Support 2
Data Entry Keyers - Business Management and Administration 118 $28,480 -730 -17.10% Administrative Support 2
Executive Secretaries & Executive Administrative Assistants - Business Management and Administration 752 $49,760 500 2.70% Administrative Support 3
File Clerks - Business Management and Administration 340 $29,360 100 3.60% Administrative Support 2
First-Line Supervisors of Office & Administrative Support Workers - Business Management and Administration 3716 $50,600 6090 18.60% Administrative Support 3
Fundraisers - Business Management and Administration 194 $51,140 210 27.80% Operations Management 4
General & Operations Managers - Business Management and Administration 3827 $86,380 6760 16.10% General Management 4
Human Resources Assistants, Ex. Payroll & Timekeeping - Business Management and Administration 368 $39,660 150 4.60% Administrative Support 3
Human Resources Managers - Business Management and Administration 1249 $88,750 600 26.50% Human Resources Management 4
Human Resources, Training & Labor Relations Specialists - Business Management and Administration *** $51,200 1310 19.80% Human Resources Management 4
Industrial Production Managers - Business Management and Administration 376 $89,670 230 5.50% Operations Management 4
Information & Record Clerks, All Other - Business Management and Administration 399 $37,850 -90 -3.10% Administrative Support ***
Interviewers, Ex. Eligibility & Loan - Business Management and Administration 919 $29,780 990 17.50% Administrative Support 2
Labor Relations Specialists - Business Management and Administration 13343 $66,340 -20 -5.00% Human Resources Management 4
Library Assistants, Clerical - Business Management and Administration 244 $24,730 150 14.10% Administrative Support 2
Mail Clerks & Mail Machine Operators, Ex. Postal Service - Business Management and Administration 203 $28,570 -60 -3.80% Administrative Support 2
Management Analysts - Business Management and Administration 1094 $74,970 2580 26.90% Operations Management 5
Managers, All Other - Business Management and Administration 1640 $79,930 1290 10.30% General Management ***
Meeting, Convention & Event Planners - Business Management and Administration 313 $40,350 410 34.00% Operations Management 4
Meter Readers, Utilities - Business Management and Administration 70 $38,800 *** *** Administrative Support 2
New Accounts Clerks - Business Management and Administration 121 $31,270 -90 -7.40% Administrative Support 2
Office & Administrative Support Workers, All Other - Business Management and Administration 621 $36,770 390 9.50% Administrative Support ***
Office Clerks, General - Business Management and Administration 7523 $30,200 6420 9.90% Administrative Support 2
Office Machine Operators, Ex. Computer - Business Management and Administration 111 $25,370 *** 1.10% Administrative Support 2
Operations Research Analysts - Business Management and Administration 142 $63,440 470 39.80% Operations Management 5
Order Clerks - Business Management and Administration 655 $31,070 50 0.80% Administrative Support 2
Payroll & Timekeeping Clerks - Business Management and Administration 335 $41,640 990 23.00% Administrative Support 2
Postal Service Clerks - Business Management and Administration 121 $58,550 -100 -7.60% Administrative Support 2
Postal Service Mail Carriers - Business Management and Administration 458 $53,740 -50 -0.80% Administrative Support 2
Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors & Processing Machine Operators - Business Management and Administration 151 $57,260 -110 -4.80% Administrative Support 2
Procurement Clerks - Business Management and Administration 144 $40,340 210 15.70% Administrative Support 3
Purchasing Managers - Business Management and Administration 162 $87,820 400 20.10% Operations Management 4
Receptionists & Information Clerks - Business Management and Administration 2577 $26,520 3860 19.20% Administrative Support 2
Secretaries & Administrative Assistants, Ex. Legal, Medical & Executive - Business Management and Administration 6800 $32,160 6570 15.00% Administrative Support 3
Shipping, Receiving & Traffic Clerks - Business Management and Administration 1965 $30,060 1520 7.80% Administrative Support 2
Stock Clerks & Order Fillers - Business Management and Administration 7447 $24,030 1630 3.30% Administrative Support 2
Switchboard Operators, Incl. Answering Service - Business Management and Administration 289 $27,940 -310 -9.20% Administrative Support 2
Telephone Operators - Business Management and Administration 15 $30,730 *** *** Administrative Support 2
Training & Development Managers - Business Management and Administration 129 $82,440 200 26.30% Human Resources Management 4
Training & Development Specialists - Business Management and Administration 601 $53,990 1080 22.60% Human Resources Management 4
Word Processors & Typists - Business Management and Administration 110 $32,360 -130 -20.80% Administrative Support 2

Business Management and Administration Pathways

  • General Management

    Pathway Description: General Management focuses on careers that plan, organize, direct, and evaluate all or part of a business organization through the allocation and use of financial, human, and material resources.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Business Essentials: This is a core course designed to give students an overview of the Business, Marketing and Finance Career Cluster occupations. Students will develop an understanding of how academic skills in mathematics, economics, and written and oral communications are integral components of success in these occupations. Students will examine current events to determine their impact on business and industry and legal and ethical behavior, acquire knowledge of safe and secure environmental controls to enhance productivity, determine how resources should be managed to achieve company goals, and identify employability and personal skills needed to obtain a career and be successful in the workplace. As students learn about different types of business ownership, they will interpret industry laws and regulations to ensure compliance, identify principles of business management, and analyze business practices to determine ethics and social responsibilities. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    Business Technology Applications: This course is designed for those students who have not mastered knowledge and skills related to business technology applications prior to entry into high school. This course is designed to assist students in developing technological proficiencies demanded by business. The course should utilize various forms of input technologies to cover units of instruction that may include word processing applications, spreadsheet development, database management, presentations, electronic communications, Internet services, graphics, desktop publishing, basic Web design, interactive media, ethical issues, and careers in business using technology applications. Students may be given opportunities for completing industry certification requirements.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Business Information Management

    Pathway Description: Business Information Management is an umbrella term covering those careers that provide a bridge between business processes/initiatives and IT. Employees in this area help to align business and IT goals.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Business Essentials: This is a core course designed to give students an overview of the Business, Marketing and Finance Career Cluster occupations. Students will develop an understanding of how academic skills in mathematics, economics, and written and oral communications are integral components of success in these occupations. Students will examine current events to determine their impact on business and industry and legal and ethical behavior, acquire knowledge of safe and secure environmental controls to enhance productivity, determine how resources should be managed to achieve company goals, and identify employability and personal skills needed to obtain a career and be successful in the workplace. As students learn about different types of business ownership, they will interpret industry laws and regulations to ensure compliance, identify principles of business management, and analyze business practices to determine ethics and social responsibilities. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    Business Technology Applications: This course is designed for those students who have not mastered knowledge and skills related to business technology applications prior to entry into high school. This course is designed to assist students in developing technological proficiencies demanded by business. The course should utilize various forms of input technologies to cover units of instruction that may include word processing applications, spreadsheet development, database management, presentations, electronic communications, Internet services, graphics, desktop publishing, basic Web design, interactive media, ethical issues, and careers in business using technology applications. Students may be given opportunities for completing industry certification requirements.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Human Resources Management

    Pathway Description: Human Resources Management focuses on the staffing activities that involve planning, recruitment, selection, orientation, training, performance appraisal, compensation, and safety of employees.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Business Essentials: This is a core course designed to give students an overview of the Business, Marketing and Finance Career Cluster occupations. Students will develop an understanding of how academic skills in mathematics, economics, and written and oral communications are integral components of success in these occupations. Students will examine current events to determine their impact on business and industry and legal and ethical behavior, acquire knowledge of safe and secure environmental controls to enhance productivity, determine how resources should be managed to achieve company goals, and identify employability and personal skills needed to obtain a career and be successful in the workplace. As students learn about different types of business ownership, they will interpret industry laws and regulations to ensure compliance, identify principles of business management, and analyze business practices to determine ethics and social responsibilities. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    Business Technology Applications: This course is designed for those students who have not mastered knowledge and skills related to business technology applications prior to entry into high school. This course is designed to assist students in developing technological proficiencies demanded by business. The course should utilize various forms of input technologies to cover units of instruction that may include word processing applications, spreadsheet development, database management, presentations, electronic communications, Internet services, graphics, desktop publishing, basic Web design, interactive media, ethical issues, and careers in business using technology applications. Students may be given opportunities for completing industry certification requirements.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Operations Management

    Pathway Description: Operations Management focuses on planning, organizing, coordinating, and controlling the resources needed to produce/provide a business's goods and/or services. Examples of activities in Operations Management are quality control, scheduling, procurement, and warehousing.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Business Essentials: This is a core course designed to give students an overview of the Business, Marketing and Finance Career Cluster occupations. Students will develop an understanding of how academic skills in mathematics, economics, and written and oral communications are integral components of success in these occupations. Students will examine current events to determine their impact on business and industry and legal and ethical behavior, acquire knowledge of safe and secure environmental controls to enhance productivity, determine how resources should be managed to achieve company goals, and identify employability and personal skills needed to obtain a career and be successful in the workplace. As students learn about different types of business ownership, they will interpret industry laws and regulations to ensure compliance, identify principles of business management, and analyze business practices to determine ethics and social responsibilities. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    Business Technology Applications: This course is designed for those students who have not mastered knowledge and skills related to business technology applications prior to entry into high school. This course is designed to assist students in developing technological proficiencies demanded by business. The course should utilize various forms of input technologies to cover units of instruction that may include word processing applications, spreadsheet development, database management, presentations, electronic communications, Internet services, graphics, desktop publishing, basic Web design, interactive media, ethical issues, and careers in business using technology applications. Students may be given opportunities for completing industry certification requirements.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Administrative Support

    Pathway Description: Administrative Support facilitate business operations through a variety of administrative and clerical duties including information and communication management, data processing and collection, and project tracking.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Business Essentials: This is a core course designed to give students an overview of the Business, Marketing and Finance Career Cluster occupations. Students will develop an understanding of how academic skills in mathematics, economics, and written and oral communications are integral components of success in these occupations. Students will examine current events to determine their impact on business and industry and legal and ethical behavior, acquire knowledge of safe and secure environmental controls to enhance productivity, determine how resources should be managed to achieve company goals, and identify employability and personal skills needed to obtain a career and be successful in the workplace. As students learn about different types of business ownership, they will interpret industry laws and regulations to ensure compliance, identify principles of business management, and analyze business practices to determine ethics and social responsibilities. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    Business Technology Applications: This course is designed for those students who have not mastered knowledge and skills related to business technology applications prior to entry into high school. This course is designed to assist students in developing technological proficiencies demanded by business. The course should utilize various forms of input technologies to cover units of instruction that may include word processing applications, spreadsheet development, database management, presentations, electronic communications, Internet services, graphics, desktop publishing, basic Web design, interactive media, ethical issues, and careers in business using technology applications. Students may be given opportunities for completing industry certification requirements.

    Business Communications: Students will reinforce communications skills needed in business, management and administrative occupations by learning to follow directions and using reading strategies to learn meaning, technical concepts, and vocabulary. Students will compose and compare written and electronic communications to convey technical concepts and company information, develop and deliver formal and informal presentations related to a broad range of business topics, apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information, and exhibit people skills to deal positively with a variety of personalities and diverse individuals. Students will interpret and use tables, charts and figures to support written and oral communication, and locate, organize and reference written information from various sources to communicate with coworkers and clients/participants.

    Advanced Business Technology Applications: Personal computing and business skills are integrated throughout the course as students use word processing software to produce documents that include graphics, tables and other new documents. Students will practice advanced procedures to design forms, use a scanner, merge text and prepare documents for presentation. Students will use database and spreadsheet software to produce documents and will learn how to select appropriate software to generate information.

    Principles of Management: Students will begin their study of management occupations by assuming appropriate roles to create, deliver, receive and manage business communications in the workplace. Students will identify an audience and create communications to support statistics for internal and external audiences; assume the necessary role to perform the responsibilities of delivering and receiving a message; manage the broad scope of business communications to process, document and store information efficiently and appropriately; and prepare appropriate materials to reply to inquiries that require a response. Students will develop skills in planning, organizing and evaluating business organizations. Students will develop and implement short- and long-term strategic plans to manage growth, profit and goals within a specific market segment, learn how to evaluate employee performance to provide timely and appropriate responses to personnel issues, and practice organizing various business services to address all company components.

    Business Finance: This course introduces principles of business and management. Topics include basic business principles, personal finance, management, systems thinking, quality management and the current environment for business in a multinational marketplace.

    Computer Systems Operations: Students will study computer component operations to learn how to prevent, diagnose and solve computer operations problems. Particular emphasis will be placed on the use of virus protection software to maintain data system integrity, and how to inspect and troubleshoot to diagnose and solve computer and peripheral operation problems.

    Accounting: This is a comprehensive introduction to basic financial accounting including recording, summarizing and reporting, principles of income measurement and asset valuation, accounting systems and controls.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Business Financial Management and Accounting

    Pathway Description: The Business, Management and Administration Cluster prepares learners for careers in planning, organizing, directing and evaluating business functions essential to efficient and productive business operations. Employees in the Business Financial Management and Accounting pathway help design, install, maintain and use general accounting systems to prepare, analyze and verify financial reports and related economic information to help make important financial decisions for an organization.

    Secondary CTE Courses
Additional Pathways
  • Management
  • Marketing
  • Business Analysis
  • Human Resources
  • Administrative and Information Support
Programs of Study

The Perkins crosswalk of educational programs of study to occupations identifies a number of programs relevant to this career cluster:

  • 11.0601 Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, General.
  • 11.0602 Word Processing.
  • 11.0699 Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, Other.
  • 14.3701 Operations Research.
  • 19.0604 Facilities Planning and Management.
  • 52.0101 Business/Commerce, General.
  • 52.0201 Business Administration and Management, General.
  • 52.0202 Purchasing, Procurement/Acquisitions and Contracts Management.
  • 52.0204 Office Management and Supervision.
  • 52.0205 Operations Management and Supervision.
  • 52.0206 Non-Profit/Public/Organizational Management.
  • 52.0207 Customer Service Management.
  • 52.0208 E-Commerce/Electronic Commerce.
  • 52.0210 Research and Development Management.
  • 52.0211 Project Management.
  • 52.0212 Retail Management.
  • 52.0213 Organizational Leadership.
  • 52.0299 Business Administration, Management and Operations, Other.
  • 52.0401 Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, General.
  • 52.0402 Executive Assistant/Executive Secretary.
  • 52.0406 Receptionist.
  • 52.0407 Business/Office Automation/Technology/Data Entry.
  • 52.0408 General Office Occupations and Clerical Services.
  • 52.0409 Parts, Warehousing, and Inventory Management Operations.
  • 52.0411 Customer Service Support/Call Center/Teleservice Operation.
  • 52.0499 Business Operations Support and Secretarial Services, Other.
  • 52.0701 Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies.
  • 52.0702 Franchising and Franchise Operations.
  • 52.0703 Small Business Administration/Management.
  • 52.0799 Entrepreneurial and Small Business Operations, Other.
  • 52.0907 Meeting and Event Planning.
  • 52.0908 Casino Management.
  • 52.0909 Hotel, Motel, and Restaurant Management.
  • 52.1001 Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, General.
  • 52.1002 Labor and Industrial Relations.
  • 52.1003 Organizational Behavior Studies.
  • 52.1004 Labor Studies.
  • 52.1005 Human Resources Development.
  • 52.1099 Human Resources Management and Services, Other.
  • 52.1101 International Business/Trade/Commerce.
  • 52.1201 Management Information Systems, General.
  • 52.1301 Management Science.
  • 52.1399 Management Sciences and Quantitative Methods, Other.
  • 52.2101 Telecommunications Management.
  • 52.9999 Business, Management, Marketing, and Related Support Services, Other.

Career Cluster

Business Management and Administration

Career Cluster Description: Careers in planning, organizing, directing and evaluating business functions essential to efficient and productive business operations.

Occupation - Cluster Annual
Openings
Median
Wages
Projected
New Jobs
Growth
Rate
Pathway Job Zone/
Education
Labor Relations Specialists - Business Management and Administration 13343 $66,340 -20 -5.00% Human Resources Management 4
Customer Service Representatives - Business Management and Administration 8188 $30,720 9010 17.90% Administrative Support 2
Office Clerks, General - Business Management and Administration 7523 $30,200 6420 9.90% Administrative Support 2
Stock Clerks & Order Fillers - Business Management and Administration 7447 $24,030 1630 3.30% Administrative Support 2
Secretaries & Administrative Assistants, Ex. Legal, Medical & Executive - Business Management and Administration 6800 $32,160 6570 15.00% Administrative Support 3
General & Operations Managers - Business Management and Administration 3827 $86,380 6760 16.10% General Management 4
First-Line Supervisors of Office & Administrative Support Workers - Business Management and Administration 3716 $50,600 6090 18.60% Administrative Support 3
Bookkeeping, Accounting & Auditing Clerks - Business Management and Administration 3707 $37,400 6010 18.00% Administrative Support 3
Receptionists & Information Clerks - Business Management and Administration 2577 $26,520 3860 19.20% Administrative Support 2
Shipping, Receiving & Traffic Clerks - Business Management and Administration 1965 $30,060 1520 7.80% Administrative Support 2
Managers, All Other - Business Management and Administration 1640 $79,930 1290 10.30% General Management ***
Business Operations Specialists, All Other - Business Management and Administration 1565 $56,840 1620 12.80% Operations Management ***
Human Resources Managers - Business Management and Administration 1249 $88,750 600 26.50% Human Resources Management 4
Management Analysts - Business Management and Administration 1094 $74,970 2580 26.90% Operations Management 5
Interviewers, Ex. Eligibility & Loan - Business Management and Administration 919 $29,780 990 17.50% Administrative Support 2
Executive Secretaries & Executive Administrative Assistants - Business Management and Administration 752 $49,760 500 2.70% Administrative Support 3
Order Clerks - Business Management and Administration 655 $31,070 50 0.80% Administrative Support 2
Office & Administrative Support Workers, All Other - Business Management and Administration 621 $36,770 390 9.50% Administrative Support ***
Administrative Services Managers - Business Management and Administration 608 $74,540 1280 17.30% Operations Management 3
Training & Development Specialists - Business Management and Administration 601 $53,990 1080 22.60% Human Resources Management 4
Chief Executives - Business Management and Administration 530 $123,170 1490 10.90% General Management 5
Computer & Information Systems Managers - Business Management and Administration 474 $109,610 1250 22.90% Business Information Management 4
Postal Service Mail Carriers - Business Management and Administration 458 $53,740 -50 -0.80% Administrative Support 2
Information & Record Clerks, All Other - Business Management and Administration 399 $37,850 -90 -3.10% Administrative Support ***
Industrial Production Managers - Business Management and Administration 376 $89,670 230 5.50% Operations Management 4
Human Resources Assistants, Ex. Payroll & Timekeeping - Business Management and Administration 368 $39,660 150 4.60% Administrative Support 3
File Clerks - Business Management and Administration 340 $29,360 100 3.60% Administrative Support 2
Payroll & Timekeeping Clerks - Business Management and Administration 335 $41,640 990 23.00% Administrative Support 2
Meeting, Convention & Event Planners - Business Management and Administration 313 $40,350 410 34.00% Operations Management 4
Switchboard Operators, Incl. Answering Service - Business Management and Administration 289 $27,940 -310 -9.20% Administrative Support 2
Library Assistants, Clerical - Business Management and Administration 244 $24,730 150 14.10% Administrative Support 2
Computer Operators - Business Management and Administration 210 $41,490 -120 -4.60% Administrative Support 3
Mail Clerks & Mail Machine Operators, Ex. Postal Service - Business Management and Administration 203 $28,570 -60 -3.80% Administrative Support 2
Fundraisers - Business Management and Administration 194 $51,140 210 27.80% Operations Management 4
Purchasing Managers - Business Management and Administration 162 $87,820 400 20.10% Operations Management 4
Compensation & Benefits Managers - Business Management and Administration 157 $92,870 80 13.30% Human Resources Management 4
Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors & Processing Machine Operators - Business Management and Administration 151 $57,260 -110 -4.80% Administrative Support 2
Procurement Clerks - Business Management and Administration 144 $40,340 210 15.70% Administrative Support 3
Operations Research Analysts - Business Management and Administration 142 $63,440 470 39.80% Operations Management 5
Training & Development Managers - Business Management and Administration 129 $82,440 200 26.30% Human Resources Management 4
New Accounts Clerks - Business Management and Administration 121 $31,270 -90 -7.40% Administrative Support 2
Postal Service Clerks - Business Management and Administration 121 $58,550 -100 -7.60% Administrative Support 2
Data Entry Keyers - Business Management and Administration 118 $28,480 -730 -17.10% Administrative Support 2
Office Machine Operators, Ex. Computer - Business Management and Administration 111 $25,370 *** 1.10% Administrative Support 2
Word Processors & Typists - Business Management and Administration 110 $32,360 -130 -20.80% Administrative Support 2
Meter Readers, Utilities - Business Management and Administration 70 $38,800 *** *** Administrative Support 2
Correspondence Clerks - Business Management and Administration 45 *** *** *** Administrative Support 2
Compensation, Benefits & Job Analysis Specialists - Business Management and Administration 39 $58,220 240 17.10% Human Resources Management 4
Telephone Operators - Business Management and Administration 15 $30,730 *** *** Administrative Support 2
Communications Equipment Operators, All Other - Business Management and Administration 14 $44,770 *** *** Administrative Support ***
Human Resources, Training & Labor Relations Specialists - Business Management and Administration *** $51,200 1310 19.80% Human Resources Management 4

Business Management and Administration Pathways

  • General Management

    Pathway Description: General Management focuses on careers that plan, organize, direct, and evaluate all or part of a business organization through the allocation and use of financial, human, and material resources.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Business Essentials: This is a core course designed to give students an overview of the Business, Marketing and Finance Career Cluster occupations. Students will develop an understanding of how academic skills in mathematics, economics, and written and oral communications are integral components of success in these occupations. Students will examine current events to determine their impact on business and industry and legal and ethical behavior, acquire knowledge of safe and secure environmental controls to enhance productivity, determine how resources should be managed to achieve company goals, and identify employability and personal skills needed to obtain a career and be successful in the workplace. As students learn about different types of business ownership, they will interpret industry laws and regulations to ensure compliance, identify principles of business management, and analyze business practices to determine ethics and social responsibilities. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    Business Technology Applications: This course is designed for those students who have not mastered knowledge and skills related to business technology applications prior to entry into high school. This course is designed to assist students in developing technological proficiencies demanded by business. The course should utilize various forms of input technologies to cover units of instruction that may include word processing applications, spreadsheet development, database management, presentations, electronic communications, Internet services, graphics, desktop publishing, basic Web design, interactive media, ethical issues, and careers in business using technology applications. Students may be given opportunities for completing industry certification requirements.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Business Information Management

    Pathway Description: Business Information Management is an umbrella term covering those careers that provide a bridge between business processes/initiatives and IT. Employees in this area help to align business and IT goals.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Business Essentials: This is a core course designed to give students an overview of the Business, Marketing and Finance Career Cluster occupations. Students will develop an understanding of how academic skills in mathematics, economics, and written and oral communications are integral components of success in these occupations. Students will examine current events to determine their impact on business and industry and legal and ethical behavior, acquire knowledge of safe and secure environmental controls to enhance productivity, determine how resources should be managed to achieve company goals, and identify employability and personal skills needed to obtain a career and be successful in the workplace. As students learn about different types of business ownership, they will interpret industry laws and regulations to ensure compliance, identify principles of business management, and analyze business practices to determine ethics and social responsibilities. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    Business Technology Applications: This course is designed for those students who have not mastered knowledge and skills related to business technology applications prior to entry into high school. This course is designed to assist students in developing technological proficiencies demanded by business. The course should utilize various forms of input technologies to cover units of instruction that may include word processing applications, spreadsheet development, database management, presentations, electronic communications, Internet services, graphics, desktop publishing, basic Web design, interactive media, ethical issues, and careers in business using technology applications. Students may be given opportunities for completing industry certification requirements.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Human Resources Management

    Pathway Description: Human Resources Management focuses on the staffing activities that involve planning, recruitment, selection, orientation, training, performance appraisal, compensation, and safety of employees.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Business Essentials: This is a core course designed to give students an overview of the Business, Marketing and Finance Career Cluster occupations. Students will develop an understanding of how academic skills in mathematics, economics, and written and oral communications are integral components of success in these occupations. Students will examine current events to determine their impact on business and industry and legal and ethical behavior, acquire knowledge of safe and secure environmental controls to enhance productivity, determine how resources should be managed to achieve company goals, and identify employability and personal skills needed to obtain a career and be successful in the workplace. As students learn about different types of business ownership, they will interpret industry laws and regulations to ensure compliance, identify principles of business management, and analyze business practices to determine ethics and social responsibilities. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    Business Technology Applications: This course is designed for those students who have not mastered knowledge and skills related to business technology applications prior to entry into high school. This course is designed to assist students in developing technological proficiencies demanded by business. The course should utilize various forms of input technologies to cover units of instruction that may include word processing applications, spreadsheet development, database management, presentations, electronic communications, Internet services, graphics, desktop publishing, basic Web design, interactive media, ethical issues, and careers in business using technology applications. Students may be given opportunities for completing industry certification requirements.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Operations Management

    Pathway Description: Operations Management focuses on planning, organizing, coordinating, and controlling the resources needed to produce/provide a business's goods and/or services. Examples of activities in Operations Management are quality control, scheduling, procurement, and warehousing.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Business Essentials: This is a core course designed to give students an overview of the Business, Marketing and Finance Career Cluster occupations. Students will develop an understanding of how academic skills in mathematics, economics, and written and oral communications are integral components of success in these occupations. Students will examine current events to determine their impact on business and industry and legal and ethical behavior, acquire knowledge of safe and secure environmental controls to enhance productivity, determine how resources should be managed to achieve company goals, and identify employability and personal skills needed to obtain a career and be successful in the workplace. As students learn about different types of business ownership, they will interpret industry laws and regulations to ensure compliance, identify principles of business management, and analyze business practices to determine ethics and social responsibilities. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    Business Technology Applications: This course is designed for those students who have not mastered knowledge and skills related to business technology applications prior to entry into high school. This course is designed to assist students in developing technological proficiencies demanded by business. The course should utilize various forms of input technologies to cover units of instruction that may include word processing applications, spreadsheet development, database management, presentations, electronic communications, Internet services, graphics, desktop publishing, basic Web design, interactive media, ethical issues, and careers in business using technology applications. Students may be given opportunities for completing industry certification requirements.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Administrative Support

    Pathway Description: Administrative Support facilitate business operations through a variety of administrative and clerical duties including information and communication management, data processing and collection, and project tracking.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Business Essentials: This is a core course designed to give students an overview of the Business, Marketing and Finance Career Cluster occupations. Students will develop an understanding of how academic skills in mathematics, economics, and written and oral communications are integral components of success in these occupations. Students will examine current events to determine their impact on business and industry and legal and ethical behavior, acquire knowledge of safe and secure environmental controls to enhance productivity, determine how resources should be managed to achieve company goals, and identify employability and personal skills needed to obtain a career and be successful in the workplace. As students learn about different types of business ownership, they will interpret industry laws and regulations to ensure compliance, identify principles of business management, and analyze business practices to determine ethics and social responsibilities. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    Business Technology Applications: This course is designed for those students who have not mastered knowledge and skills related to business technology applications prior to entry into high school. This course is designed to assist students in developing technological proficiencies demanded by business. The course should utilize various forms of input technologies to cover units of instruction that may include word processing applications, spreadsheet development, database management, presentations, electronic communications, Internet services, graphics, desktop publishing, basic Web design, interactive media, ethical issues, and careers in business using technology applications. Students may be given opportunities for completing industry certification requirements.

    Business Communications: Students will reinforce communications skills needed in business, management and administrative occupations by learning to follow directions and using reading strategies to learn meaning, technical concepts, and vocabulary. Students will compose and compare written and electronic communications to convey technical concepts and company information, develop and deliver formal and informal presentations related to a broad range of business topics, apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information, and exhibit people skills to deal positively with a variety of personalities and diverse individuals. Students will interpret and use tables, charts and figures to support written and oral communication, and locate, organize and reference written information from various sources to communicate with coworkers and clients/participants.

    Advanced Business Technology Applications: Personal computing and business skills are integrated throughout the course as students use word processing software to produce documents that include graphics, tables and other new documents. Students will practice advanced procedures to design forms, use a scanner, merge text and prepare documents for presentation. Students will use database and spreadsheet software to produce documents and will learn how to select appropriate software to generate information.

    Principles of Management: Students will begin their study of management occupations by assuming appropriate roles to create, deliver, receive and manage business communications in the workplace. Students will identify an audience and create communications to support statistics for internal and external audiences; assume the necessary role to perform the responsibilities of delivering and receiving a message; manage the broad scope of business communications to process, document and store information efficiently and appropriately; and prepare appropriate materials to reply to inquiries that require a response. Students will develop skills in planning, organizing and evaluating business organizations. Students will develop and implement short- and long-term strategic plans to manage growth, profit and goals within a specific market segment, learn how to evaluate employee performance to provide timely and appropriate responses to personnel issues, and practice organizing various business services to address all company components.

    Business Finance: This course introduces principles of business and management. Topics include basic business principles, personal finance, management, systems thinking, quality management and the current environment for business in a multinational marketplace.

    Computer Systems Operations: Students will study computer component operations to learn how to prevent, diagnose and solve computer operations problems. Particular emphasis will be placed on the use of virus protection software to maintain data system integrity, and how to inspect and troubleshoot to diagnose and solve computer and peripheral operation problems.

    Accounting: This is a comprehensive introduction to basic financial accounting including recording, summarizing and reporting, principles of income measurement and asset valuation, accounting systems and controls.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Business Financial Management and Accounting

    Pathway Description: The Business, Management and Administration Cluster prepares learners for careers in planning, organizing, directing and evaluating business functions essential to efficient and productive business operations. Employees in the Business Financial Management and Accounting pathway help design, install, maintain and use general accounting systems to prepare, analyze and verify financial reports and related economic information to help make important financial decisions for an organization.

    Secondary CTE Courses
Additional Pathways
  • Management
  • Marketing
  • Business Analysis
  • Human Resources
  • Administrative and Information Support
Programs of Study

The Perkins crosswalk of educational programs of study to occupations identifies a number of programs relevant to this career cluster:

  • 11.0601 Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, General.
  • 11.0602 Word Processing.
  • 11.0699 Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, Other.
  • 14.3701 Operations Research.
  • 19.0604 Facilities Planning and Management.
  • 52.0101 Business/Commerce, General.
  • 52.0201 Business Administration and Management, General.
  • 52.0202 Purchasing, Procurement/Acquisitions and Contracts Management.
  • 52.0204 Office Management and Supervision.
  • 52.0205 Operations Management and Supervision.
  • 52.0206 Non-Profit/Public/Organizational Management.
  • 52.0207 Customer Service Management.
  • 52.0208 E-Commerce/Electronic Commerce.
  • 52.0210 Research and Development Management.
  • 52.0211 Project Management.
  • 52.0212 Retail Management.
  • 52.0213 Organizational Leadership.
  • 52.0299 Business Administration, Management and Operations, Other.
  • 52.0401 Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, General.
  • 52.0402 Executive Assistant/Executive Secretary.
  • 52.0406 Receptionist.
  • 52.0407 Business/Office Automation/Technology/Data Entry.
  • 52.0408 General Office Occupations and Clerical Services.
  • 52.0409 Parts, Warehousing, and Inventory Management Operations.
  • 52.0411 Customer Service Support/Call Center/Teleservice Operation.
  • 52.0499 Business Operations Support and Secretarial Services, Other.
  • 52.0701 Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies.
  • 52.0702 Franchising and Franchise Operations.
  • 52.0703 Small Business Administration/Management.
  • 52.0799 Entrepreneurial and Small Business Operations, Other.
  • 52.0907 Meeting and Event Planning.
  • 52.0908 Casino Management.
  • 52.0909 Hotel, Motel, and Restaurant Management.
  • 52.1001 Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, General.
  • 52.1002 Labor and Industrial Relations.
  • 52.1003 Organizational Behavior Studies.
  • 52.1004 Labor Studies.
  • 52.1005 Human Resources Development.
  • 52.1099 Human Resources Management and Services, Other.
  • 52.1101 International Business/Trade/Commerce.
  • 52.1201 Management Information Systems, General.
  • 52.1301 Management Science.
  • 52.1399 Management Sciences and Quantitative Methods, Other.
  • 52.2101 Telecommunications Management.
  • 52.9999 Business, Management, Marketing, and Related Support Services, Other.