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  • Annual
    Openings 0 - Max
  • Median
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    New Jobs -100 - Max
  • Growth
    Rate -12.40% - 14.10%
  • Job Zone/
    Education Min - Max

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Government and Public Administration

Career Cluster Description: Planning and performing government functions at the local, state and federal levels, including governance, national security, foreign service, planning, revenue and taxation, and regulations.

Occupation - Cluster Standard occupation title with associated career cluster. Annual
Openings Average number of job openings projected for each year.
Median
Wages Projected median annual wages.
Projected
New Jobs Projected numerical change in employment.
Growth
Rate Projected percent change in employment.
Pathway Career cluster pathway that outlines courses and training programs. Job Zone/
Education Categories developed by O*NET as indicators of the amount education, training, and experience needed to gain entry into profession.
  • Job Zone 1 = Little or no preparation (high school diploma or less)
  • Job Zone 2 = Some preparation (high school diploma)
  • Job Zone 3 = Medium preparation (trade certificate or associate’s degree)
  • Job Zone 4 = Considerable preparation (bachelor’s degree)
  • Job Zone 5 = Extensive preparation (master’s or doctorate degree)
Agricultural Inspectors - Government and Public Administration 50 $42,050 *** *** Regulation 2
Appraisers & Assessors of Real Estate - Government and Public Administration 122 $48,350 220 14.10% Revenue and Taxation 4
Compliance Officers - Government and Public Administration 475 $54,740 470 12.00% Governance ***
Construction & Building Inspectors - Government and Public Administration 177 $46,680 190 12.50% Regulation 3
Court, Municipal & License Clerks - Government and Public Administration 238 $34,730 320 11.60% Public Management and Administration ***
Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs - Government and Public Administration 315 $36,740 -70 -2.10% Public Management and Administration 3
Emergency Management Directors - Government and Public Administration 18 $69,390 20 9.40% Public Management and Administration 4
Financial Examiners - Government and Public Administration 63 $72,000 *** 0.80% Governance 4
Legislators - Government and Public Administration 67 $20,100 140 10.90% Governance 4
Occupational Health & Safety Specialists - Government and Public Administration 101 $71,850 110 7.60% Regulation 4
Occupational Health & Safety Technicians - Government and Public Administration 37 $48,290 20 6.40% Regulation 3
Postmasters & Mail Superintendents - Government and Public Administration 18 $81,660 10 2.70% Public Management and Administration 2
Statistical Assistants - Government and Public Administration 16 $47,960 *** *** Planning 4
Tax Examiners & Collectors & Revenue Agents - Government and Public Administration 81 $50,180 -100 -7.30% Revenue and Taxation 3
Transportation Inspectors - Government and Public Administration 38 $74,580 30 6.00% Governance ***
Transportation Security Screeners - Government and Public Administration 64 $37,200 -90 -12.40% National Security 2
Urban & Regional Planners - Government and Public Administration 30 $56,930 20 9.50% Planning 5

Government and Public Administration Pathways

  • Governance

    Pathway Description: People who work in the Governance pathway include the officials elected or appointed to government positions responsible for making and executing public policy. This pathway includes the President and members of Congress, governors and state legislators, and local elected officials such as councilpersons or commissioners. Also included are the staff members that support them. Careers in this pathway often require working with constituents or interest groups with conflicting goals. Leadership, consensus building and conflict resolution are important skills for success.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    World Concepts and Themes: This semester course will provide a foundation for all other social studies courses. Fundamental concepts and themes from various political, social and economic systems will be examined using specific historical events from the mid-18th century to the present. Emphasis will be on establishing the skills to critically analyze and interpret events from various time periods and regions and how these events help shape the modern, global world in which we live.

    Geography: This semester course helps students develop broad geographic skills. In addition to learning the basics of world geography, students will learn how economics, culture, history, and political issues all influence geography, and how geography influences other disciplines.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    American Government and Comparative Political Systems: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, GIS and Internet applications to communicate, search for and access information.

    Principles of Governance and Public Administration: This course is designed to give students an analytical description of government and politics in the United States and provide students with an understanding of working political systems different from that of the United States. This course involves the study of concepts used to interpret U.S. politics as well as exposure to concepts and theories used to explain comparative political phenomena. Students will be familiar with the institutions, groups, beliefs, cultures and ideas that comprise the U.S. political system.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • National Security

    Pathway Description: Maintaining a strong national security encompasses such diverse activities as running a hospital, commanding a tank, programming computers, operating a nuclear reactor, or repairing and maintaining a helicopter. The military provides training and work experience in these fields and many others for more than 2.5 million people who serve in the active Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard, their Reserve components, and the Air and Army National Guard.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    World Concepts and Themes: This semester course will provide a foundation for all other social studies courses. Fundamental concepts and themes from various political, social and economic systems will be examined using specific historical events from the mid-18th century to the present. Emphasis will be on establishing the skills to critically analyze and interpret events from various time periods and regions and how these events help shape the modern, global world in which we live.

    Geography: This semester course helps students develop broad geographic skills. In addition to learning the basics of world geography, students will learn how economics, culture, history, and political issues all influence geography, and how geography influences other disciplines.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    American Government and Comparative Political Systems: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, GIS and Internet applications to communicate, search for and access information.

    Principles of Governance and Public Administration: This course is designed to give students an analytical description of government and politics in the United States and provide students with an understanding of working political systems different from that of the United States. This course involves the study of concepts used to interpret U.S. politics as well as exposure to concepts and theories used to explain comparative political phenomena. Students will be familiar with the institutions, groups, beliefs, cultures and ideas that comprise the U.S. political system.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Foreign Service

    Pathway Description: People who work in the Foreign Service pathway serve in embassies, consulates and other diplomatic missions and in Washington, D.C. Job responsibilities range from day-to-day operations of a U.S. embassy to analyzing political and economic events or helping American citizens abroad.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    World Concepts and Themes: This semester course will provide a foundation for all other social studies courses. Fundamental concepts and themes from various political, social and economic systems will be examined using specific historical events from the mid-18th century to the present. Emphasis will be on establishing the skills to critically analyze and interpret events from various time periods and regions and how these events help shape the modern, global world in which we live.

    Geography: This semester course helps students develop broad geographic skills. In addition to learning the basics of world geography, students will learn how economics, culture, history, and political issues all influence geography, and how geography influences other disciplines.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    American Government and Comparative Political Systems: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, GIS and Internet applications to communicate, search for and access information.

    Principles of Governance and Public Administration: This course is designed to give students an analytical description of government and politics in the United States and provide students with an understanding of working political systems different from that of the United States. This course involves the study of concepts used to interpret U.S. politics as well as exposure to concepts and theories used to explain comparative political phenomena. Students will be familiar with the institutions, groups, beliefs, cultures and ideas that comprise the U.S. political system.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Planning

    Pathway Description: People who work in the Planning pathway develop long- and short-term land use plans to provide for growth and revitalization of urban, suburban and rural communities, while helping local officials make decisions concerning social, economic and environmental issues. Planners promote the best use of a community‚ land and resources for residential, commercial, institutional and recreational purposes.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    World Concepts and Themes: This semester course will provide a foundation for all other social studies courses. Fundamental concepts and themes from various political, social and economic systems will be examined using specific historical events from the mid-18th century to the present. Emphasis will be on establishing the skills to critically analyze and interpret events from various time periods and regions and how these events help shape the modern, global world in which we live.

    Geography: This semester course helps students develop broad geographic skills. In addition to learning the basics of world geography, students will learn how economics, culture, history, and political issues all influence geography, and how geography influences other disciplines.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    American Government and Comparative Political Systems: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, GIS and Internet applications to communicate, search for and access information.

    Principles of Governance and Public Administration: This course is designed to give students an analytical description of government and politics in the United States and provide students with an understanding of working political systems different from that of the United States. This course involves the study of concepts used to interpret U.S. politics as well as exposure to concepts and theories used to explain comparative political phenomena. Students will be familiar with the institutions, groups, beliefs, cultures and ideas that comprise the U.S. political system.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Revenue and Taxation

    Pathway Description: People who work in the Revenue and Taxation pathway ensure that governments obtain revenues from businesses and citizens by collecting tax dollars, reviewing tax returns, conducting audits, monitoring taxes payable and collecting overdue tax dollars.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    World Concepts and Themes: This semester course will provide a foundation for all other social studies courses. Fundamental concepts and themes from various political, social and economic systems will be examined using specific historical events from the mid-18th century to the present. Emphasis will be on establishing the skills to critically analyze and interpret events from various time periods and regions and how these events help shape the modern, global world in which we live.

    Geography: This semester course helps students develop broad geographic skills. In addition to learning the basics of world geography, students will learn how economics, culture, history, and political issues all influence geography, and how geography influences other disciplines.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    American Government and Comparative Political Systems: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, GIS and Internet applications to communicate, search for and access information.

    Principles of Governance and Public Administration: This course is designed to give students an analytical description of government and politics in the United States and provide students with an understanding of working political systems different from that of the United States. This course involves the study of concepts used to interpret U.S. politics as well as exposure to concepts and theories used to explain comparative political phenomena. Students will be familiar with the institutions, groups, beliefs, cultures and ideas that comprise the U.S. political system.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Regulation

    Pathway Description: People who work in the Regulation pathway will typically possess a body of technical knowledge about an industry, the environment or technology. This coupled with a knowledge of related laws, rules and regulatory systems permit regulators to protect our health, safety and environment as well as ensure the integrity of our financial, transportation and public utility industries. The work may include physical inspections, audits, investigations and the reports, citations, hearings and courtroom trials required to enforce a myriad of regulatory requirements.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    World Concepts and Themes: This semester course will provide a foundation for all other social studies courses. Fundamental concepts and themes from various political, social and economic systems will be examined using specific historical events from the mid-18th century to the present. Emphasis will be on establishing the skills to critically analyze and interpret events from various time periods and regions and how these events help shape the modern, global world in which we live.

    Geography: This semester course helps students develop broad geographic skills. In addition to learning the basics of world geography, students will learn how economics, culture, history, and political issues all influence geography, and how geography influences other disciplines.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    American Government and Comparative Political Systems: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, GIS and Internet applications to communicate, search for and access information.

    Principles of Governance and Public Administration: This course is designed to give students an analytical description of government and politics in the United States and provide students with an understanding of working political systems different from that of the United States. This course involves the study of concepts used to interpret U.S. politics as well as exposure to concepts and theories used to explain comparative political phenomena. Students will be familiar with the institutions, groups, beliefs, cultures and ideas that comprise the U.S. political system.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Public Management and Administration

    Pathway Description: Government agencies and public corporations and trusts have specific and rigorous standards for the stewardship of public resources. Public management careers will require technical skills related to budgeting, personnel management, procurement or other activities, and specific knowledge of the regulations and other policies that govern public management.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    World Concepts and Themes: This semester course will provide a foundation for all other social studies courses. Fundamental concepts and themes from various political, social and economic systems will be examined using specific historical events from the mid-18th century to the present. Emphasis will be on establishing the skills to critically analyze and interpret events from various time periods and regions and how these events help shape the modern, global world in which we live.

    Geography: This semester course helps students develop broad geographic skills. In addition to learning the basics of world geography, students will learn how economics, culture, history, and political issues all influence geography, and how geography influences other disciplines.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    American Government and Comparative Political Systems: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, GIS and Internet applications to communicate, search for and access information.

    Principles of Governance and Public Administration: This course is designed to give students an analytical description of government and politics in the United States and provide students with an understanding of working political systems different from that of the United States. This course involves the study of concepts used to interpret U.S. politics as well as exposure to concepts and theories used to explain comparative political phenomena. Students will be familiar with the institutions, groups, beliefs, cultures and ideas that comprise the U.S. political system.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

Programs of Study

The Perkins crosswalk of educational programs of study to occupations identifies a number of programs relevant to this career cluster:

  • 04.0301 City/Urban, Community and Regional Planning.
  • 15.0701 Occupational Safety and Health Technology/Technician.
  • 15.0703 Industrial Safety Technology/Technician.
  • 28.0101 Air Force JROTC/ROTC.
  • 28.0199 Air Force ROTC, Air Science and Operations, Other.
  • 28.0301 Army JROTC/ROTC.
  • 28.0399 Army ROTC, Military Science and Operations, Other.
  • 28.0401 Navy/Marine Corps JROTC/ROTC.
  • 28.0499 Navy/Marine Corps ROTC, Naval Science and Operations, Other.
  • 28.0501 Air Science/Airpower Studies.
  • 28.0502 Air and Space Operational Art and Science.
  • 28.0503 Military Operational Art and Science/Studies.
  • 28.0504 Advanced Military and Operational Studies.
  • 28.0505 Naval Science and Operational Studies.
  • 28.0506 Special, Irregular and Counterterrorist Operations.
  • 28.0599 Military Science and Operational Studies, Other.
  • 28.0601 Strategic Studies, General.
  • 28.0602 Military and Strategic Leadership.
  • 28.0603 Military and International Operational Law.
  • 28.0604 Joint Operations Planning and Strategy.
  • 28.0605 Weapons of Mass Destruction.
  • 28.0699 National Security Policy and Strategy, Other.
  • 28.0701 National Resource Strategy and Policy.
  • 28.0702 Industry Studies.
  • 28.0703 Military Installation Management.
  • 28.0799 Military Economics and Management, Other.
  • 28.9999 Military Science, Leadership and Operational Art, Other.
  • 29.0101 Military Technologies.
  • 29.0201 Intelligence, General.
  • 29.0202 Strategic Intelligence.
  • 29.0203 Signal/Geospatial Intelligence.
  • 29.0204 Command and Control (C3, C4I) Systems and Operations.
  • 29.0205 Information Operations/Joint Information Operations.
  • 29.0206 Information/Psychological Warfare and Military Media Relations.
  • 29.0207 Cyber/Electronic Operations and Warfare.
  • 29.0299 Intelligence, Command Control and Information Operations, Other.
  • 29.0301 Combat Systems Engineering.
  • 29.0302 Directed Energy Systems.
  • 29.0303 Engineering Acoustics.
  • 29.0304 Low-Observables and Stealth Technology.
  • 29.0305 Space Systems Operations.
  • 29.0306 Operational Oceanography.
  • 29.0307 Undersea Warfare.
  • 29.0399 Military Applied Sciences, Other.
  • 29.0401 Aerospace Ground Equipment Technology.
  • 29.0402 Air and Space Operations Technology.
  • 29.0403 Aircraft Armament Systems Technology.
  • 29.0404 Explosive Ordinance/Bomb Disposal.
  • 29.0405 Joint Command/Task Force (C3, C4I) Systems.
  • 29.0406 Military Information Systems Technology.
  • 29.0407 Missile and Space Systems Technology.
  • 29.0408 Munitions Systems/Ordinance Technology.
  • 29.0409 Radar Communications and Systems Technology.
  • 29.0499 Military Systems and Maintenance Technology, Other.
  • 29.9999 Military Technologies and Applied Sciences, Other.
  • 44.0401 Public Administration.
  • 44.0501 Public Policy Analysis, General.
  • 44.0502 Education Policy Analysis.
  • 44.0503 Health Policy Analysis.
  • 44.0504 International Policy Analysis.
  • 44.0599 Public Policy Analysis, Other.
  • 44.9999 Public Administration and Social Service Professions, Other.
  • 45.0901 International Relations and Affairs.
  • 45.1001 Political Science and Government, General.
  • 45.1002 American Government and Politics (United States).
  • 45.1003 Canadian Government and Politics.
  • 45.1099 Political Science and Government, Other.
  • 45.1201 Urban Studies/Affairs.

Career Cluster

Government and Public Administration

Career Cluster Description: Planning and performing government functions at the local, state and federal levels, including governance, national security, foreign service, planning, revenue and taxation, and regulations.

Occupation - Cluster Annual
Openings
Median
Wages
Projected
New Jobs
Growth
Rate
Pathway Job Zone/
Education
Compliance Officers - Government and Public Administration 475 $54,740 470 12.00% Governance ***
Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs - Government and Public Administration 315 $36,740 -70 -2.10% Public Management and Administration 3
Court, Municipal & License Clerks - Government and Public Administration 238 $34,730 320 11.60% Public Management and Administration ***
Construction & Building Inspectors - Government and Public Administration 177 $46,680 190 12.50% Regulation 3
Appraisers & Assessors of Real Estate - Government and Public Administration 122 $48,350 220 14.10% Revenue and Taxation 4
Occupational Health & Safety Specialists - Government and Public Administration 101 $71,850 110 7.60% Regulation 4
Tax Examiners & Collectors & Revenue Agents - Government and Public Administration 81 $50,180 -100 -7.30% Revenue and Taxation 3
Legislators - Government and Public Administration 67 $20,100 140 10.90% Governance 4
Transportation Security Screeners - Government and Public Administration 64 $37,200 -90 -12.40% National Security 2
Financial Examiners - Government and Public Administration 63 $72,000 *** 0.80% Governance 4
Agricultural Inspectors - Government and Public Administration 50 $42,050 *** *** Regulation 2
Transportation Inspectors - Government and Public Administration 38 $74,580 30 6.00% Governance ***
Occupational Health & Safety Technicians - Government and Public Administration 37 $48,290 20 6.40% Regulation 3
Urban & Regional Planners - Government and Public Administration 30 $56,930 20 9.50% Planning 5
Postmasters & Mail Superintendents - Government and Public Administration 18 $81,660 10 2.70% Public Management and Administration 2
Emergency Management Directors - Government and Public Administration 18 $69,390 20 9.40% Public Management and Administration 4
Statistical Assistants - Government and Public Administration 16 $47,960 *** *** Planning 4

Government and Public Administration Pathways

  • Governance

    Pathway Description: People who work in the Governance pathway include the officials elected or appointed to government positions responsible for making and executing public policy. This pathway includes the President and members of Congress, governors and state legislators, and local elected officials such as councilpersons or commissioners. Also included are the staff members that support them. Careers in this pathway often require working with constituents or interest groups with conflicting goals. Leadership, consensus building and conflict resolution are important skills for success.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    World Concepts and Themes: This semester course will provide a foundation for all other social studies courses. Fundamental concepts and themes from various political, social and economic systems will be examined using specific historical events from the mid-18th century to the present. Emphasis will be on establishing the skills to critically analyze and interpret events from various time periods and regions and how these events help shape the modern, global world in which we live.

    Geography: This semester course helps students develop broad geographic skills. In addition to learning the basics of world geography, students will learn how economics, culture, history, and political issues all influence geography, and how geography influences other disciplines.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    American Government and Comparative Political Systems: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, GIS and Internet applications to communicate, search for and access information.

    Principles of Governance and Public Administration: This course is designed to give students an analytical description of government and politics in the United States and provide students with an understanding of working political systems different from that of the United States. This course involves the study of concepts used to interpret U.S. politics as well as exposure to concepts and theories used to explain comparative political phenomena. Students will be familiar with the institutions, groups, beliefs, cultures and ideas that comprise the U.S. political system.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • National Security

    Pathway Description: Maintaining a strong national security encompasses such diverse activities as running a hospital, commanding a tank, programming computers, operating a nuclear reactor, or repairing and maintaining a helicopter. The military provides training and work experience in these fields and many others for more than 2.5 million people who serve in the active Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard, their Reserve components, and the Air and Army National Guard.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    World Concepts and Themes: This semester course will provide a foundation for all other social studies courses. Fundamental concepts and themes from various political, social and economic systems will be examined using specific historical events from the mid-18th century to the present. Emphasis will be on establishing the skills to critically analyze and interpret events from various time periods and regions and how these events help shape the modern, global world in which we live.

    Geography: This semester course helps students develop broad geographic skills. In addition to learning the basics of world geography, students will learn how economics, culture, history, and political issues all influence geography, and how geography influences other disciplines.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    American Government and Comparative Political Systems: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, GIS and Internet applications to communicate, search for and access information.

    Principles of Governance and Public Administration: This course is designed to give students an analytical description of government and politics in the United States and provide students with an understanding of working political systems different from that of the United States. This course involves the study of concepts used to interpret U.S. politics as well as exposure to concepts and theories used to explain comparative political phenomena. Students will be familiar with the institutions, groups, beliefs, cultures and ideas that comprise the U.S. political system.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Foreign Service

    Pathway Description: People who work in the Foreign Service pathway serve in embassies, consulates and other diplomatic missions and in Washington, D.C. Job responsibilities range from day-to-day operations of a U.S. embassy to analyzing political and economic events or helping American citizens abroad.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    World Concepts and Themes: This semester course will provide a foundation for all other social studies courses. Fundamental concepts and themes from various political, social and economic systems will be examined using specific historical events from the mid-18th century to the present. Emphasis will be on establishing the skills to critically analyze and interpret events from various time periods and regions and how these events help shape the modern, global world in which we live.

    Geography: This semester course helps students develop broad geographic skills. In addition to learning the basics of world geography, students will learn how economics, culture, history, and political issues all influence geography, and how geography influences other disciplines.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    American Government and Comparative Political Systems: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, GIS and Internet applications to communicate, search for and access information.

    Principles of Governance and Public Administration: This course is designed to give students an analytical description of government and politics in the United States and provide students with an understanding of working political systems different from that of the United States. This course involves the study of concepts used to interpret U.S. politics as well as exposure to concepts and theories used to explain comparative political phenomena. Students will be familiar with the institutions, groups, beliefs, cultures and ideas that comprise the U.S. political system.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Planning

    Pathway Description: People who work in the Planning pathway develop long- and short-term land use plans to provide for growth and revitalization of urban, suburban and rural communities, while helping local officials make decisions concerning social, economic and environmental issues. Planners promote the best use of a community‚ land and resources for residential, commercial, institutional and recreational purposes.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    World Concepts and Themes: This semester course will provide a foundation for all other social studies courses. Fundamental concepts and themes from various political, social and economic systems will be examined using specific historical events from the mid-18th century to the present. Emphasis will be on establishing the skills to critically analyze and interpret events from various time periods and regions and how these events help shape the modern, global world in which we live.

    Geography: This semester course helps students develop broad geographic skills. In addition to learning the basics of world geography, students will learn how economics, culture, history, and political issues all influence geography, and how geography influences other disciplines.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    American Government and Comparative Political Systems: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, GIS and Internet applications to communicate, search for and access information.

    Principles of Governance and Public Administration: This course is designed to give students an analytical description of government and politics in the United States and provide students with an understanding of working political systems different from that of the United States. This course involves the study of concepts used to interpret U.S. politics as well as exposure to concepts and theories used to explain comparative political phenomena. Students will be familiar with the institutions, groups, beliefs, cultures and ideas that comprise the U.S. political system.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Revenue and Taxation

    Pathway Description: People who work in the Revenue and Taxation pathway ensure that governments obtain revenues from businesses and citizens by collecting tax dollars, reviewing tax returns, conducting audits, monitoring taxes payable and collecting overdue tax dollars.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    World Concepts and Themes: This semester course will provide a foundation for all other social studies courses. Fundamental concepts and themes from various political, social and economic systems will be examined using specific historical events from the mid-18th century to the present. Emphasis will be on establishing the skills to critically analyze and interpret events from various time periods and regions and how these events help shape the modern, global world in which we live.

    Geography: This semester course helps students develop broad geographic skills. In addition to learning the basics of world geography, students will learn how economics, culture, history, and political issues all influence geography, and how geography influences other disciplines.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    American Government and Comparative Political Systems: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, GIS and Internet applications to communicate, search for and access information.

    Principles of Governance and Public Administration: This course is designed to give students an analytical description of government and politics in the United States and provide students with an understanding of working political systems different from that of the United States. This course involves the study of concepts used to interpret U.S. politics as well as exposure to concepts and theories used to explain comparative political phenomena. Students will be familiar with the institutions, groups, beliefs, cultures and ideas that comprise the U.S. political system.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Regulation

    Pathway Description: People who work in the Regulation pathway will typically possess a body of technical knowledge about an industry, the environment or technology. This coupled with a knowledge of related laws, rules and regulatory systems permit regulators to protect our health, safety and environment as well as ensure the integrity of our financial, transportation and public utility industries. The work may include physical inspections, audits, investigations and the reports, citations, hearings and courtroom trials required to enforce a myriad of regulatory requirements.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    World Concepts and Themes: This semester course will provide a foundation for all other social studies courses. Fundamental concepts and themes from various political, social and economic systems will be examined using specific historical events from the mid-18th century to the present. Emphasis will be on establishing the skills to critically analyze and interpret events from various time periods and regions and how these events help shape the modern, global world in which we live.

    Geography: This semester course helps students develop broad geographic skills. In addition to learning the basics of world geography, students will learn how economics, culture, history, and political issues all influence geography, and how geography influences other disciplines.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    American Government and Comparative Political Systems: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, GIS and Internet applications to communicate, search for and access information.

    Principles of Governance and Public Administration: This course is designed to give students an analytical description of government and politics in the United States and provide students with an understanding of working political systems different from that of the United States. This course involves the study of concepts used to interpret U.S. politics as well as exposure to concepts and theories used to explain comparative political phenomena. Students will be familiar with the institutions, groups, beliefs, cultures and ideas that comprise the U.S. political system.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Public Management and Administration

    Pathway Description: Government agencies and public corporations and trusts have specific and rigorous standards for the stewardship of public resources. Public management careers will require technical skills related to budgeting, personnel management, procurement or other activities, and specific knowledge of the regulations and other policies that govern public management.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    World Concepts and Themes: This semester course will provide a foundation for all other social studies courses. Fundamental concepts and themes from various political, social and economic systems will be examined using specific historical events from the mid-18th century to the present. Emphasis will be on establishing the skills to critically analyze and interpret events from various time periods and regions and how these events help shape the modern, global world in which we live.

    Geography: This semester course helps students develop broad geographic skills. In addition to learning the basics of world geography, students will learn how economics, culture, history, and political issues all influence geography, and how geography influences other disciplines.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    American Government and Comparative Political Systems: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, GIS and Internet applications to communicate, search for and access information.

    Principles of Governance and Public Administration: This course is designed to give students an analytical description of government and politics in the United States and provide students with an understanding of working political systems different from that of the United States. This course involves the study of concepts used to interpret U.S. politics as well as exposure to concepts and theories used to explain comparative political phenomena. Students will be familiar with the institutions, groups, beliefs, cultures and ideas that comprise the U.S. political system.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

Programs of Study

The Perkins crosswalk of educational programs of study to occupations identifies a number of programs relevant to this career cluster:

  • 04.0301 City/Urban, Community and Regional Planning.
  • 15.0701 Occupational Safety and Health Technology/Technician.
  • 15.0703 Industrial Safety Technology/Technician.
  • 28.0101 Air Force JROTC/ROTC.
  • 28.0199 Air Force ROTC, Air Science and Operations, Other.
  • 28.0301 Army JROTC/ROTC.
  • 28.0399 Army ROTC, Military Science and Operations, Other.
  • 28.0401 Navy/Marine Corps JROTC/ROTC.
  • 28.0499 Navy/Marine Corps ROTC, Naval Science and Operations, Other.
  • 28.0501 Air Science/Airpower Studies.
  • 28.0502 Air and Space Operational Art and Science.
  • 28.0503 Military Operational Art and Science/Studies.
  • 28.0504 Advanced Military and Operational Studies.
  • 28.0505 Naval Science and Operational Studies.
  • 28.0506 Special, Irregular and Counterterrorist Operations.
  • 28.0599 Military Science and Operational Studies, Other.
  • 28.0601 Strategic Studies, General.
  • 28.0602 Military and Strategic Leadership.
  • 28.0603 Military and International Operational Law.
  • 28.0604 Joint Operations Planning and Strategy.
  • 28.0605 Weapons of Mass Destruction.
  • 28.0699 National Security Policy and Strategy, Other.
  • 28.0701 National Resource Strategy and Policy.
  • 28.0702 Industry Studies.
  • 28.0703 Military Installation Management.
  • 28.0799 Military Economics and Management, Other.
  • 28.9999 Military Science, Leadership and Operational Art, Other.
  • 29.0101 Military Technologies.
  • 29.0201 Intelligence, General.
  • 29.0202 Strategic Intelligence.
  • 29.0203 Signal/Geospatial Intelligence.
  • 29.0204 Command and Control (C3, C4I) Systems and Operations.
  • 29.0205 Information Operations/Joint Information Operations.
  • 29.0206 Information/Psychological Warfare and Military Media Relations.
  • 29.0207 Cyber/Electronic Operations and Warfare.
  • 29.0299 Intelligence, Command Control and Information Operations, Other.
  • 29.0301 Combat Systems Engineering.
  • 29.0302 Directed Energy Systems.
  • 29.0303 Engineering Acoustics.
  • 29.0304 Low-Observables and Stealth Technology.
  • 29.0305 Space Systems Operations.
  • 29.0306 Operational Oceanography.
  • 29.0307 Undersea Warfare.
  • 29.0399 Military Applied Sciences, Other.
  • 29.0401 Aerospace Ground Equipment Technology.
  • 29.0402 Air and Space Operations Technology.
  • 29.0403 Aircraft Armament Systems Technology.
  • 29.0404 Explosive Ordinance/Bomb Disposal.
  • 29.0405 Joint Command/Task Force (C3, C4I) Systems.
  • 29.0406 Military Information Systems Technology.
  • 29.0407 Missile and Space Systems Technology.
  • 29.0408 Munitions Systems/Ordinance Technology.
  • 29.0409 Radar Communications and Systems Technology.
  • 29.0499 Military Systems and Maintenance Technology, Other.
  • 29.9999 Military Technologies and Applied Sciences, Other.
  • 44.0401 Public Administration.
  • 44.0501 Public Policy Analysis, General.
  • 44.0502 Education Policy Analysis.
  • 44.0503 Health Policy Analysis.
  • 44.0504 International Policy Analysis.
  • 44.0599 Public Policy Analysis, Other.
  • 44.9999 Public Administration and Social Service Professions, Other.
  • 45.0901 International Relations and Affairs.
  • 45.1001 Political Science and Government, General.
  • 45.1002 American Government and Politics (United States).
  • 45.1003 Canadian Government and Politics.
  • 45.1099 Political Science and Government, Other.
  • 45.1201 Urban Studies/Affairs.