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Career Cluster Download/Print

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics

Career Cluster Description: Planning, managing and providing scientific research and professional and technical services (e.g., physical science, social science, engineering) including laboratory and testing services, and research and development services.

Occupation - Cluster Standard occupation title with associated career cluster. Annual
Openings Average number of job openings projected for each year.
Median
Wages Projected median annual wages.
Projected
New Jobs Projected numerical change in employment.
Growth
Rate Projected percent change in employment.
Pathway Career cluster pathway that outlines courses and training programs. Job Zone/
Education Categories developed by O*NET as indicators of the amount education, training, and experience needed to gain entry into profession.
  • Job Zone 1 = Little or no preparation (high school diploma or less)
  • Job Zone 2 = Some preparation (high school diploma)
  • Job Zone 3 = Medium preparation (trade certificate or associate’s degree)
  • Job Zone 4 = Considerable preparation (bachelor’s degree)
  • Job Zone 5 = Extensive preparation (master’s or doctorate degree)
Aerospace Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 18 $86,440 60 20.40% Engineering and Technology 4
Anthropologists & Archeologists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 10 $57,220 40 33.60% Science and Mathematics 5
Architectural & Engineering Managers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 274 $115,760 430 16.10% Engineering and Technology 5
Astronomers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** *** *** *** Science and Mathematics 5
Atmospheric & Space Scientists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 13 $93,100 -10 -4.50% Science and Mathematics 4
Biochemists & Biophysicists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 55 $65,150 -10 -6.00% Science and Mathematics 5
Biological Scientists, All Other - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 30 $72,710 -10 -4.10% Science and Mathematics ***
Cartographers & Photogrammetrists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 17 $51,200 *** *** Science and Mathematics 4
Chemical Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 62 $99,480 *** *** Engineering and Technology 4
Chemists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 118 $63,800 -10 -1.00% Science and Mathematics 4
Computer & Information Research Scientists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 21 $102,750 30 6.90% Science and Mathematics 5
Computer Hardware Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 57 $84,730 110 19.90% Engineering and Technology 4
Conservation Scientists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 20 $70,260 20 5.90% Science and Mathematics ***
Economists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 238 $65,450 10 9.60% Science and Mathematics 5
Electrical Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 204 $89,100 200 8.30% Engineering and Technology 4
Electronics Engineers, Ex. Computer - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 93 $94,360 110 9.70% Engineering and Technology 4
Engineers, All Other - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 251 $74,310 270 8.90% Engineering and Technology ***
Environmental Scientists & Specialists, Incl. Health - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 151 *** 110 8.00% Science and Mathematics 4
Geographers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** *** *** *** Science and Mathematics 5
Geoscientists, Ex. Hydrologists & Geographers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 25 $73,950 40 17.30% Science and Mathematics 4
Health & Safety Engineers, Ex. Mining Safety Engineers & Inspectors - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 67 $72,780 130 17.70% Engineering and Technology ***
Historians - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** $59,680 10 11.10% Science and Mathematics 5
Hydrologists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** $93,820 *** -2.40% Science and Mathematics 5
Industrial Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 474 $81,640 870 16.60% Engineering and Technology 4
Life Scientists, All Other - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 142 *** 10 14.80% Science and Mathematics ***
Life, Physical & Social Science Technicians, All Other - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 763 $39,000 *** *** Science and Mathematics ***
Marine Engineers & Naval Architects - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 12 *** 20 34.60% Engineering and Technology 4
Materials Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 59 $104,110 10 2.40% Engineering and Technology 4
Materials Scientists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 24 $80,310 *** *** Science and Mathematics 5
Mathematical Science Occupations, All Other - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** *** 10 4.40% Science and Mathematics ***
Mathematical Technicians - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** *** *** *** Science and Mathematics 4
Mathematicians - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** *** *** *** Science and Mathematics 5
Mechanical Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 355 $83,260 370 8.00% Engineering and Technology 4
Microbiologists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 27 $56,940 *** 2.00% Science and Mathematics 5
Mining & Geological Engineers, Incl. Mining Safety Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** *** *** 6.30% Engineering and Technology 4
Nuclear Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 54 $121,950 300 17.30% Engineering and Technology 4
Petroleum Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** $92,370 *** *** Engineering and Technology 4
Physical Scientists, All Other - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 16 $90,060 -20 -5.10% Science and Mathematics ***
Physicists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 33 $132,290 10 1.80% Science and Mathematics 5
Political Scientists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** *** *** *** Science and Mathematics 5
Social Science Research Assistants - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 42 $42,410 110 18.90% Science and Mathematics 4
Social Scientists & Related Workers, All Other - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 48 $62,230 20 7.30% Science and Mathematics ***
Sociologists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** *** *** *** Science and Mathematics 5
Statisticians - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 65 $66,640 100 18.70% Science and Mathematics 5
Survey Researchers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 10 $27,890 60 23.20% Science and Mathematics 5

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Pathways

  • Science and Mathematics

    Pathway Description: Those who choose careers in the Science and Mathematics pathway apply essential mathematics and science content and skills in a real world context Science and mathematics occupations include those in physical, environmental and human endeavors. Career possibilities range from teachers of science and mathematics to lab technicians to NASA astronauts. Preparation for such occupations require the following: 1) Understanding the process and applying the skills necessary to engage in discovery; 2) Recognizing the need to obtain a broad education in science and mathematics and share communicate) this knowledge with the world; and 3) Understanding the role of gathering, creating, processing and sharing data in science and mathematics.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Introduction to Careers: This course will introduce students to basic skill development in a wide variety of subject matter and career areas. Students will be exposed to a variety of basic skills and job-related activities to help them make more informed decisions. All aspects of careers in science and mathematics including teaching will be explored. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    Laboratory Practices and Biology Laboratory: This course introduces students to problem-based learning experiences obtained in a laboratory setting. Students will become acquainted with facilities, equipment, testing and lab procedures; practice laboratory procedures that maintain a healthy and safe environment; and ensure that work is performed effectively and efficiently. Students will solve issues and problems by sharing their ideas, questions, skills, knowledge, and experiences with other students. The laboratory practices will be used in the biology laboratory to reinforce the concepts taught in the biology classroom.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    Chemistry Laboratory: The laboratory practices will be used in the chemistry laboratory to reinforce the concepts taught in the chemistry classroom.

    Physics Laboratory: The laboratory practices will be used in the physics laboratory to reinforce the concepts taught in the physics classroom.

    Scientific Research: Students will work in teams with an adult mentor to identify a science or mathematics research topic, conduct the research, write a scientific paper and defend the team conclusions and recommendations to a panel of outside reviewers.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Engineering and Technology

    Pathway Description: For a future in the Engineering and Technology pathway, students should study and apply principles from advanced mathematics, life sciences, physical science, earth and space science, and technology. In addition, future engineers and technologists should learn certain processes in mathematics, science and technology. In Grades 9-12, all future engineers and technologists should study mathematics each year, learning important mathematical concepts and processes defined by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics in Principles and Standards for School Mathematics. With such knowledge and skills, students will be able to demonstrate the following competencies: 1.) Apply mathematics, science and technology concepts to solve problems quantitatively in engineering projects involving design, development or production in various technologies; and 2.) Recognize the core concepts of technology and their relationships with engineering, science and math, and other subjects. All future engineers and technologists should learn important science concepts and processes with an understanding of physics, chemistry and biology as a minimal set. These concepts and processes are defined by the National Research Council in the National Science Education Standards and by the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Benchmarks for Science Literacy. Additionally, learners should become proficient in the areas of technology defined by the Standards for Technological Literacy.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Introduction to Engineering Design: This course helps students understand the field of engineering/engineering technology. Students are encouraged to use a problem-solving model to improve existing products and invent new ones. They learn how to apply this model to solve any problems, even outside of the classroom. Students use sophisticated three-dimension modeling software to communicate the details of these products. Emphasis is placed on analyzing potential solutions and communicating ideas to others. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    Principles of Engineering: This course helps students explore various technology and manufacturing processes and systems to learn how engineers and technicians use mathematics, science and technology in an engineering problem-solving process to benefit people. This course also includes concerns about social and political consequences of technological change.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    Product Engineering and Development: Students will learn concepts of product engineering and development using robotics and automated manufacturing techniques and process systems. Concepts of three-dimensional designs and the use of modeling software integrate with lean and agile applications. The focus is on teams who work together as concurrent development organizations where life cycle of the product is analyzed and all concepts of the product are applied.

    Digital Electronics: This course teaches students the application of electronic circuits and devices. Students will use their knowledge of both computer simulation and breadboards to design, build and test their own circuits. Students become skilled at using a mathematical logic approach to simplify complex circuits.

    Civil Engineering and Architecture: Students will learn about various aspects of civil engineering and architecture through a long-term project that involves the development of a local property site modeling the real-world experiences of practicing civil engineers and architects. The course of study includes the roles of civil engineers and architects, project and site planning, building design, and project documentation and presentation.

    Engineering Innovation: Students will utilize ethical and professional practices to work in teams to apply a research and problem-solving model to solve problems of their own choosing. Students will apply engineering principles and be guided by a community mentor. Students will brainstorm possibilities, research current patents and regulations, construct a working model, test the model, document their designs, and present and defend the design to a panel of experts.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

Programs of Study

The Perkins crosswalk of educational programs of study to occupations identifies a number of programs relevant to this career cluster:

  • 01.0103 Agricultural Economics.
  • 03.0204 Natural Resource Economics.
  • 14.0101 Engineering, General.
  • 14.0102 Pre-Engineering.
  • 14.0201 Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical/Space Engineering.
  • 14.0301 Agricultural Engineering.
  • 14.0401 Architectural Engineering.
  • 14.0501 Bioengineering and Biomedical Engineering.
  • 14.0601 Ceramic Sciences and Engineering.
  • 14.0701 Chemical Engineering.
  • 14.0702 Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering.
  • 14.0799 Chemical Engineering, Other.
  • 14.0801 Civil Engineering, General.
  • 14.0802 Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering.
  • 14.0803 Structural Engineering.
  • 14.0804 Transportation and Highway Engineering.
  • 14.0805 Water Resources Engineering.
  • 14.0899 Civil Engineering, Other.
  • 14.0902 Computer Hardware Engineering.
  • 14.1001 Electrical and Electronics Engineering
  • 14.1003 Laser and Optical Engineering.
  • 14.1004 Telecommunications Engineering.
  • 14.1099 Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, Other.
  • 14.1101 Engineering Mechanics.
  • 14.1201 Engineering Physics/Applied Physics.
  • 14.1301 Engineering Science.
  • 14.1401 Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering.
  • 14.1801 Materials Engineering.
  • 14.1901 Mechanical Engineering.
  • 14.2001 Metallurgical Engineering.
  • 14.2101 Mining and Mineral Engineering.
  • 14.2201 Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering.
  • 14.2301 Nuclear Engineering.
  • 14.2401 Ocean Engineering.
  • 14.2501 Petroleum Engineering.
  • 14.2701 Systems Engineering.
  • 14.2801 Textile Sciences and Engineering.
  • 14.3201 Polymer/Plastics Engineering.
  • 14.3301 Construction Engineering.
  • 14.3401 Forest Engineering.
  • 14.3501 Industrial Engineering.
  • 14.3601 Manufacturing Engineering.
  • 14.3801 Surveying Engineering.
  • 14.3901 Geological/Geophysical Engineering.
  • 14.4001 Paper Science and Engineering.
  • 14.4101 Electromechanical Engineering.
  • 14.4201 Mechatronics, Robotics, and Automation Engineering.
  • 14.4301 Biochemical Engineering.
  • 14.4401 Engineering Chemistry.
  • 14.4501 Biological/Biosystems Engineering.
  • 14.9999 Engineering, Other.
  • 15.0000 Engineering Technology, General.
  • 15.0306 Integrated Circuit Design.
  • 15.0406 Automation Engineer Technology/Technician.
  • 15.0614 Welding Engineering Technology/Technician.
  • 15.0615 Chemical Engineering Technology/Technician.
  • 15.0616 Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology.
  • 15.0704 Hazardous Materials Information Systems Technology/Technician.
  • 15.1102 Surveying Technology/Surveying.
  • 15.1501 Engineering/Industrial Management.
  • 15.1502 Engineering Design.
  • 15.1503 Packaging Science.
  • 15.1599 Engineering-Related Fields, Other.
  • 15.1601 Nanotechnology.
  • 15.9999 Engineering Technologies and Engineering-Related Fields, Other.
  • 26.0101 Biology/Biological Sciences, General.
  • 26.0102 Biomedical Sciences, General.
  • 26.0202 Biochemistry.
  • 26.0203 Biophysics.
  • 26.0204 Molecular Biology.
  • 26.0205 Molecular Biochemistry.
  • 26.0206 Molecular Biophysics.
  • 26.0207 Structural Biology.
  • 26.0208 Photobiology.
  • 26.0209 Radiation Biology/Radiobiology.
  • 26.0210 Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
  • 26.0299 Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Other.
  • 26.0301 Botany/Plant Biology.
  • 26.0305 Plant Pathology/Phytopathology.
  • 26.0307 Plant Physiology.
  • 26.0308 Plant Molecular Biology.
  • 26.0399 Botany/Plant Biology, Other.
  • 26.0401 Cell/Cellular Biology and Histology.
  • 26.0403 Anatomy.
  • 26.0404 Developmental Biology and Embryology.
  • 26.0406 Cell/Cellular and Molecular Biology.
  • 26.0407 Cell Biology and Anatomy.
  • 26.0499 Cell/Cellular Biology and Anatomical Sciences, Other.
  • 26.0502 Microbiology, General.
  • 26.0503 Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology.
  • 26.0504 Virology.
  • 26.0505 Parasitology.
  • 26.0506 Mycology.
  • 26.0507 Immunology.
  • 26.0508 Microbiology and Immunology.
  • 26.0599 Microbiological Sciences and Immunology, Other.
  • 26.0701 Zoology/Animal Biology.
  • 26.0702 Entomology.
  • 26.0707 Animal Physiology.
  • 26.0708 Animal Behavior and Ethology.
  • 26.0709 Wildlife Biology.
  • 26.0799 Zoology/Animal Biology, Other.
  • 26.0801 Genetics, General.
  • 26.0802 Molecular Genetics.
  • 26.0803 Microbial and Eukaryotic Genetics.
  • 26.0804 Animal Genetics.
  • 26.0805 Plant Genetics.
  • 26.0806 Human/Medical Genetics.
  • 26.0807 Genome Sciences/Genomics.
  • 26.0899 Genetics, Other.
  • 26.0901 Physiology, General.
  • 26.0902 Molecular Physiology.
  • 26.0903 Cell Physiology.
  • 26.0904 Endocrinology.
  • 26.0905 Reproductive Biology.
  • 26.0907 Cardiovascular Science.
  • 26.0908 Exercise Physiology.
  • 26.0909 Vision Science/Physiological Optics.
  • 26.0910 Pathology/Experimental Pathology.
  • 26.0911 Oncology and Cancer Biology.
  • 26.0912 Aerospace Physiology and Medicine.
  • 26.0999 Physiology, Pathology, and Related Sciences, Other.
  • 26.1001 Pharmacology.
  • 26.1002 Molecular Pharmacology.
  • 26.1003 Neuropharmacology.
  • 26.1004 Toxicology.
  • 26.1005 Molecular Toxicology.
  • 26.1006 Environmental Toxicology.
  • 26.1007 Pharmacology and Toxicology.
  • 26.1099 Pharmacology and Toxicology, Other.
  • 26.1101 Biometry/Biometrics.
  • 26.1102 Biostatistics.
  • 26.1104 Computational Biology.
  • 26.1301 Ecology.
  • 26.1302 Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography.
  • 26.1303 Evolutionary Biology.
  • 26.1304 Aquatic Biology/Limnology.
  • 26.1305 Environmental Biology.
  • 26.1306 Population Biology.
  • 26.1307 Conservation Biology.
  • 26.1308 Systematic Biology/Biological Systematics.
  • 26.1309 Epidemiology.
  • 26.1310 Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.
  • 26.1399 Ecology, Evolution, Systematics and Population Biology, Other.
  • 26.1401 Molecular Medicine.
  • 26.1501 Neuroscience.
  • 26.1502 Neuroanatomy.
  • 26.1503 Neurobiology and Anatomy.
  • 26.1504 Neurobiology and Behavior.
  • 26.1599 Neurobiology and Neurosciences, Other.
  • 26.9999 Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Other.
  • 27.0101 Mathematics, General.
  • 27.0102 Algebra and Number Theory.
  • 27.0103 Analysis and Functional Analysis.
  • 27.0104 Geometry/Geometric Analysis.
  • 27.0105 Topology and Foundations.
  • 27.0199 Mathematics, Other.
  • 27.0301 Applied Mathematics, General.
  • 27.0303 Computational Mathematics.
  • 27.0304 Computational and Applied Mathematics.
  • 27.0305 Financial Mathematics.
  • 27.0306 Mathematical Biology.
  • 27.0399 Applied Mathematics, Other.
  • 27.0501 Statistics, General.
  • 27.0502 Mathematical Statistics and Probability.
  • 27.0503 Mathematics and Statistics.
  • 27.0599 Statistics, Other.
  • 27.9999 Mathematics and Statistics, Other.
  • 30.0101 Biological and Physical Sciences.
  • 30.0501 Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.
  • 30.0601 Systems Science and Theory.
  • 30.0801 Mathematics and Computer Science.
  • 30.1001 Biopsychology.
  • 30.1101 Gerontology.
  • 30.1201 Historic Preservation and Conservation.
  • 30.1202 Cultural Resource Management and Policy Analysis.
  • 30.1299 Historic Preservation and Conservation, Other.
  • 30.1301 Medieval and Renaissance Studies.
  • 30.1501 Science, Technology and Society.
  • 30.1701 Behavioral Sciences.
  • 30.1801 Natural Sciences.
  • 30.1901 Nutrition Sciences.
  • 30.2001 International/Global Studies.
  • 30.2101 Holocaust and Related Studies.
  • 30.2201 Ancient Studies/Civilization.
  • 30.2202 Classical, Ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern Studies and Archaeology.
  • 30.2501 Cognitive Science.
  • 30.2601 Cultural Studies/Critical Theory and Analysis.
  • 30.2701 Human Biology.
  • 30.2801 Dispute Resolution.
  • 30.2901 Maritime Studies.
  • 30.3001 Computational Science.
  • 30.3101 Human Computer Interaction.
  • 30.3201 Marine Sciences.
  • 30.3301 Sustainability Studies.
  • 30.9999 Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, Other.
  • 38.0102 Logic.
  • 40.0101 Physical Sciences.
  • 40.0201 Astronomy.
  • 40.0202 Astrophysics.
  • 40.0203 Planetary Astronomy and Science.
  • 40.0299 Astronomy and Astrophysics, Other.
  • 40.0401 Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, General.
  • 40.0402 Atmospheric Chemistry and Climatology.
  • 40.0403 Atmospheric Physics and Dynamics.
  • 40.0404 Meteorology.
  • 40.0499 Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, Other.
  • 40.0501 Chemistry, General.
  • 40.0502 Analytical Chemistry.
  • 40.0503 Inorganic Chemistry.
  • 40.0504 Organic Chemistry.
  • 40.0506 Physical Chemistry.
  • 40.0507 Polymer Chemistry.
  • 40.0508 Chemical Physics.
  • 40.0509 Environmental Chemistry.
  • 40.0510 Forensic Chemistry.
  • 40.0511 Theoretical Chemistry.
  • 40.0599 Chemistry, Other.
  • 40.0601 Geology/Earth Science, General.
  • 40.0602 Geochemistry.
  • 40.0603 Geophysics and Seismology.
  • 40.0604 Paleontology.
  • 40.0605 Hydrology and Water Resources Science.
  • 40.0606 Geochemistry and Petrology.
  • 40.0607 Oceanography, Chemical and Physical.
  • 40.0699 Geological and Earth Sciences/Geosciences, Other.
  • 40.0801 Physics, General.
  • 40.0802 Atomic/Molecular Physics.
  • 40.0804 Elementary Particle Physics.
  • 40.0805 Plasma and High-Temperature Physics.
  • 40.0806 Nuclear Physics.
  • 40.0807 Optics/Optical Sciences.
  • 40.0808 Condensed Matter and Materials Physics.
  • 40.0809 Acoustics.
  • 40.0810 Theoretical and Mathematical Physics.
  • 40.0899 Physics, Other.
  • 40.1001 Materials Science.
  • 40.1002 Materials Chemistry.
  • 40.1099 Materials Sciences, Other.
  • 40.9999 Physical Sciences, Other.
  • 41.0000 Science Technologies/Technicians, General.
  • 45.0101 Social Sciences, General.
  • 45.0102 Research Methodology and Quantitative Methods.
  • 45.0201 Anthropology.
  • 45.0202 Physical and Biological Anthropology.
  • 45.0203 Medical Anthropology.
  • 45.0204 Cultural Anthropology.
  • 45.0299 Anthropology, Other.
  • 45.0301 Archeology.
  • 45.0401 Criminology.
  • 45.0501 Demography and Population Studies.
  • 45.0601 Economics, General.
  • 45.0602 Applied Economics.
  • 45.0603 Econometrics and Quantitative Economics.
  • 45.0604 Development Economics and International Development.
  • 45.0605 International Economics.
  • 45.0699 Economics, Other.
  • 45.0701 Geography.
  • 45.0702 Geographic Information Science and Cartography.
  • 45.0799 Geography, Other.
  • 45.0902 National Security Policy Studies.
  • 45.0999 International Relations and National Security Studies, Other.
  • 45.1004 Political Economy.
  • 45.1101 Sociology.
  • 45.1301 Sociology and Anthropology.
  • 45.1401 Rural Sociology.
  • 45.9999 Social Sciences, Other.
  • 51.1401 Medical Scientist.
  • 52.0601 Business/Managerial Economics.
  • 52.1302 Business Statistics.
  • 54.0101 History, General.
  • 54.0102 American History (United States).
  • 54.0103 European History.
  • 54.0104 History and Philosophy of Science and Technology.
  • 54.0105 Public/Applied History.
  • 54.0106 Asian History.
  • 54.0107 Canadian History.
  • 54.0108 Military History.
  • 54.0199 History, Other.

Career Cluster

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics

Career Cluster Description: Planning, managing and providing scientific research and professional and technical services (e.g., physical science, social science, engineering) including laboratory and testing services, and research and development services.

Occupation - Cluster Annual
Openings
Median
Wages
Projected
New Jobs
Growth
Rate
Pathway Job Zone/
Education
Life, Physical & Social Science Technicians, All Other - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 763 $39,000 *** *** Science and Mathematics ***
Industrial Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 474 $81,640 870 16.60% Engineering and Technology 4
Mechanical Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 355 $83,260 370 8.00% Engineering and Technology 4
Architectural & Engineering Managers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 274 $115,760 430 16.10% Engineering and Technology 5
Engineers, All Other - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 251 $74,310 270 8.90% Engineering and Technology ***
Economists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 238 $65,450 10 9.60% Science and Mathematics 5
Electrical Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 204 $89,100 200 8.30% Engineering and Technology 4
Environmental Scientists & Specialists, Incl. Health - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 151 *** 110 8.00% Science and Mathematics 4
Life Scientists, All Other - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 142 *** 10 14.80% Science and Mathematics ***
Chemists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 118 $63,800 -10 -1.00% Science and Mathematics 4
Electronics Engineers, Ex. Computer - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 93 $94,360 110 9.70% Engineering and Technology 4
Health & Safety Engineers, Ex. Mining Safety Engineers & Inspectors - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 67 $72,780 130 17.70% Engineering and Technology ***
Statisticians - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 65 $66,640 100 18.70% Science and Mathematics 5
Chemical Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 62 $99,480 *** *** Engineering and Technology 4
Materials Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 59 $104,110 10 2.40% Engineering and Technology 4
Computer Hardware Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 57 $84,730 110 19.90% Engineering and Technology 4
Biochemists & Biophysicists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 55 $65,150 -10 -6.00% Science and Mathematics 5
Nuclear Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 54 $121,950 300 17.30% Engineering and Technology 4
Social Scientists & Related Workers, All Other - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 48 $62,230 20 7.30% Science and Mathematics ***
Social Science Research Assistants - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 42 $42,410 110 18.90% Science and Mathematics 4
Physicists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 33 $132,290 10 1.80% Science and Mathematics 5
Biological Scientists, All Other - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 30 $72,710 -10 -4.10% Science and Mathematics ***
Microbiologists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 27 $56,940 *** 2.00% Science and Mathematics 5
Geoscientists, Ex. Hydrologists & Geographers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 25 $73,950 40 17.30% Science and Mathematics 4
Materials Scientists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 24 $80,310 *** *** Science and Mathematics 5
Computer & Information Research Scientists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 21 $102,750 30 6.90% Science and Mathematics 5
Conservation Scientists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 20 $70,260 20 5.90% Science and Mathematics ***
Aerospace Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 18 $86,440 60 20.40% Engineering and Technology 4
Cartographers & Photogrammetrists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 17 $51,200 *** *** Science and Mathematics 4
Physical Scientists, All Other - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 16 $90,060 -20 -5.10% Science and Mathematics ***
Atmospheric & Space Scientists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 13 $93,100 -10 -4.50% Science and Mathematics 4
Marine Engineers & Naval Architects - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 12 *** 20 34.60% Engineering and Technology 4
Survey Researchers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 10 $27,890 60 23.20% Science and Mathematics 5
Anthropologists & Archeologists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics 10 $57,220 40 33.60% Science and Mathematics 5
Mathematicians - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** *** *** *** Science and Mathematics 5
Mining & Geological Engineers, Incl. Mining Safety Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** *** *** 6.30% Engineering and Technology 4
Mathematical Technicians - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** *** *** *** Science and Mathematics 4
Petroleum Engineers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** $92,370 *** *** Engineering and Technology 4
Mathematical Science Occupations, All Other - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** *** 10 4.40% Science and Mathematics ***
Political Scientists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** *** *** *** Science and Mathematics 5
Historians - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** $59,680 10 11.10% Science and Mathematics 5
Geographers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** *** *** *** Science and Mathematics 5
Sociologists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** *** *** *** Science and Mathematics 5
Astronomers - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** *** *** *** Science and Mathematics 5
Hydrologists - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics *** $93,820 *** -2.40% Science and Mathematics 5

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Pathways

  • Science and Mathematics

    Pathway Description: Those who choose careers in the Science and Mathematics pathway apply essential mathematics and science content and skills in a real world context Science and mathematics occupations include those in physical, environmental and human endeavors. Career possibilities range from teachers of science and mathematics to lab technicians to NASA astronauts. Preparation for such occupations require the following: 1) Understanding the process and applying the skills necessary to engage in discovery; 2) Recognizing the need to obtain a broad education in science and mathematics and share communicate) this knowledge with the world; and 3) Understanding the role of gathering, creating, processing and sharing data in science and mathematics.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Introduction to Careers: This course will introduce students to basic skill development in a wide variety of subject matter and career areas. Students will be exposed to a variety of basic skills and job-related activities to help them make more informed decisions. All aspects of careers in science and mathematics including teaching will be explored. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    Laboratory Practices and Biology Laboratory: This course introduces students to problem-based learning experiences obtained in a laboratory setting. Students will become acquainted with facilities, equipment, testing and lab procedures; practice laboratory procedures that maintain a healthy and safe environment; and ensure that work is performed effectively and efficiently. Students will solve issues and problems by sharing their ideas, questions, skills, knowledge, and experiences with other students. The laboratory practices will be used in the biology laboratory to reinforce the concepts taught in the biology classroom.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    Chemistry Laboratory: The laboratory practices will be used in the chemistry laboratory to reinforce the concepts taught in the chemistry classroom.

    Physics Laboratory: The laboratory practices will be used in the physics laboratory to reinforce the concepts taught in the physics classroom.

    Scientific Research: Students will work in teams with an adult mentor to identify a science or mathematics research topic, conduct the research, write a scientific paper and defend the team conclusions and recommendations to a panel of outside reviewers.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

  • Engineering and Technology

    Pathway Description: For a future in the Engineering and Technology pathway, students should study and apply principles from advanced mathematics, life sciences, physical science, earth and space science, and technology. In addition, future engineers and technologists should learn certain processes in mathematics, science and technology. In Grades 9-12, all future engineers and technologists should study mathematics each year, learning important mathematical concepts and processes defined by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics in Principles and Standards for School Mathematics. With such knowledge and skills, students will be able to demonstrate the following competencies: 1.) Apply mathematics, science and technology concepts to solve problems quantitatively in engineering projects involving design, development or production in various technologies; and 2.) Recognize the core concepts of technology and their relationships with engineering, science and math, and other subjects. All future engineers and technologists should learn important science concepts and processes with an understanding of physics, chemistry and biology as a minimal set. These concepts and processes are defined by the National Research Council in the National Science Education Standards and by the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Benchmarks for Science Literacy. Additionally, learners should become proficient in the areas of technology defined by the Standards for Technological Literacy.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Introduction to Engineering Design: This course helps students understand the field of engineering/engineering technology. Students are encouraged to use a problem-solving model to improve existing products and invent new ones. They learn how to apply this model to solve any problems, even outside of the classroom. Students use sophisticated three-dimension modeling software to communicate the details of these products. Emphasis is placed on analyzing potential solutions and communicating ideas to others. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    Principles of Engineering: This course helps students explore various technology and manufacturing processes and systems to learn how engineers and technicians use mathematics, science and technology in an engineering problem-solving process to benefit people. This course also includes concerns about social and political consequences of technological change.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    Product Engineering and Development: Students will learn concepts of product engineering and development using robotics and automated manufacturing techniques and process systems. Concepts of three-dimensional designs and the use of modeling software integrate with lean and agile applications. The focus is on teams who work together as concurrent development organizations where life cycle of the product is analyzed and all concepts of the product are applied.

    Digital Electronics: This course teaches students the application of electronic circuits and devices. Students will use their knowledge of both computer simulation and breadboards to design, build and test their own circuits. Students become skilled at using a mathematical logic approach to simplify complex circuits.

    Civil Engineering and Architecture: Students will learn about various aspects of civil engineering and architecture through a long-term project that involves the development of a local property site modeling the real-world experiences of practicing civil engineers and architects. The course of study includes the roles of civil engineers and architects, project and site planning, building design, and project documentation and presentation.

    Engineering Innovation: Students will utilize ethical and professional practices to work in teams to apply a research and problem-solving model to solve problems of their own choosing. Students will apply engineering principles and be guided by a community mentor. Students will brainstorm possibilities, research current patents and regulations, construct a working model, test the model, document their designs, and present and defend the design to a panel of experts.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: Local student organization activities, including public speaking, record keeping and work-based experiences.

Programs of Study

The Perkins crosswalk of educational programs of study to occupations identifies a number of programs relevant to this career cluster:

  • 01.0103 Agricultural Economics.
  • 03.0204 Natural Resource Economics.
  • 14.0101 Engineering, General.
  • 14.0102 Pre-Engineering.
  • 14.0201 Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical/Space Engineering.
  • 14.0301 Agricultural Engineering.
  • 14.0401 Architectural Engineering.
  • 14.0501 Bioengineering and Biomedical Engineering.
  • 14.0601 Ceramic Sciences and Engineering.
  • 14.0701 Chemical Engineering.
  • 14.0702 Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering.
  • 14.0799 Chemical Engineering, Other.
  • 14.0801 Civil Engineering, General.
  • 14.0802 Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering.
  • 14.0803 Structural Engineering.
  • 14.0804 Transportation and Highway Engineering.
  • 14.0805 Water Resources Engineering.
  • 14.0899 Civil Engineering, Other.
  • 14.0902 Computer Hardware Engineering.
  • 14.1001 Electrical and Electronics Engineering
  • 14.1003 Laser and Optical Engineering.
  • 14.1004 Telecommunications Engineering.
  • 14.1099 Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, Other.
  • 14.1101 Engineering Mechanics.
  • 14.1201 Engineering Physics/Applied Physics.
  • 14.1301 Engineering Science.
  • 14.1401 Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering.
  • 14.1801 Materials Engineering.
  • 14.1901 Mechanical Engineering.
  • 14.2001 Metallurgical Engineering.
  • 14.2101 Mining and Mineral Engineering.
  • 14.2201 Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering.
  • 14.2301 Nuclear Engineering.
  • 14.2401 Ocean Engineering.
  • 14.2501 Petroleum Engineering.
  • 14.2701 Systems Engineering.
  • 14.2801 Textile Sciences and Engineering.
  • 14.3201 Polymer/Plastics Engineering.
  • 14.3301 Construction Engineering.
  • 14.3401 Forest Engineering.
  • 14.3501 Industrial Engineering.
  • 14.3601 Manufacturing Engineering.
  • 14.3801 Surveying Engineering.
  • 14.3901 Geological/Geophysical Engineering.
  • 14.4001 Paper Science and Engineering.
  • 14.4101 Electromechanical Engineering.
  • 14.4201 Mechatronics, Robotics, and Automation Engineering.
  • 14.4301 Biochemical Engineering.
  • 14.4401 Engineering Chemistry.
  • 14.4501 Biological/Biosystems Engineering.
  • 14.9999 Engineering, Other.
  • 15.0000 Engineering Technology, General.
  • 15.0306 Integrated Circuit Design.
  • 15.0406 Automation Engineer Technology/Technician.
  • 15.0614 Welding Engineering Technology/Technician.
  • 15.0615 Chemical Engineering Technology/Technician.
  • 15.0616 Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology.
  • 15.0704 Hazardous Materials Information Systems Technology/Technician.
  • 15.1102 Surveying Technology/Surveying.
  • 15.1501 Engineering/Industrial Management.
  • 15.1502 Engineering Design.
  • 15.1503 Packaging Science.
  • 15.1599 Engineering-Related Fields, Other.
  • 15.1601 Nanotechnology.
  • 15.9999 Engineering Technologies and Engineering-Related Fields, Other.
  • 26.0101 Biology/Biological Sciences, General.
  • 26.0102 Biomedical Sciences, General.
  • 26.0202 Biochemistry.
  • 26.0203 Biophysics.
  • 26.0204 Molecular Biology.
  • 26.0205 Molecular Biochemistry.
  • 26.0206 Molecular Biophysics.
  • 26.0207 Structural Biology.
  • 26.0208 Photobiology.
  • 26.0209 Radiation Biology/Radiobiology.
  • 26.0210 Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
  • 26.0299 Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Other.
  • 26.0301 Botany/Plant Biology.
  • 26.0305 Plant Pathology/Phytopathology.
  • 26.0307 Plant Physiology.
  • 26.0308 Plant Molecular Biology.
  • 26.0399 Botany/Plant Biology, Other.
  • 26.0401 Cell/Cellular Biology and Histology.
  • 26.0403 Anatomy.
  • 26.0404 Developmental Biology and Embryology.
  • 26.0406 Cell/Cellular and Molecular Biology.
  • 26.0407 Cell Biology and Anatomy.
  • 26.0499 Cell/Cellular Biology and Anatomical Sciences, Other.
  • 26.0502 Microbiology, General.
  • 26.0503 Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology.
  • 26.0504 Virology.
  • 26.0505 Parasitology.
  • 26.0506 Mycology.
  • 26.0507 Immunology.
  • 26.0508 Microbiology and Immunology.
  • 26.0599 Microbiological Sciences and Immunology, Other.
  • 26.0701 Zoology/Animal Biology.
  • 26.0702 Entomology.
  • 26.0707 Animal Physiology.
  • 26.0708 Animal Behavior and Ethology.
  • 26.0709 Wildlife Biology.
  • 26.0799 Zoology/Animal Biology, Other.
  • 26.0801 Genetics, General.
  • 26.0802 Molecular Genetics.
  • 26.0803 Microbial and Eukaryotic Genetics.
  • 26.0804 Animal Genetics.
  • 26.0805 Plant Genetics.
  • 26.0806 Human/Medical Genetics.
  • 26.0807 Genome Sciences/Genomics.
  • 26.0899 Genetics, Other.
  • 26.0901 Physiology, General.
  • 26.0902 Molecular Physiology.
  • 26.0903 Cell Physiology.
  • 26.0904 Endocrinology.
  • 26.0905 Reproductive Biology.
  • 26.0907 Cardiovascular Science.
  • 26.0908 Exercise Physiology.
  • 26.0909 Vision Science/Physiological Optics.
  • 26.0910 Pathology/Experimental Pathology.
  • 26.0911 Oncology and Cancer Biology.
  • 26.0912 Aerospace Physiology and Medicine.
  • 26.0999 Physiology, Pathology, and Related Sciences, Other.
  • 26.1001 Pharmacology.
  • 26.1002 Molecular Pharmacology.
  • 26.1003 Neuropharmacology.
  • 26.1004 Toxicology.
  • 26.1005 Molecular Toxicology.
  • 26.1006 Environmental Toxicology.
  • 26.1007 Pharmacology and Toxicology.
  • 26.1099 Pharmacology and Toxicology, Other.
  • 26.1101 Biometry/Biometrics.
  • 26.1102 Biostatistics.
  • 26.1104 Computational Biology.
  • 26.1301 Ecology.
  • 26.1302 Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography.
  • 26.1303 Evolutionary Biology.
  • 26.1304 Aquatic Biology/Limnology.
  • 26.1305 Environmental Biology.
  • 26.1306 Population Biology.
  • 26.1307 Conservation Biology.
  • 26.1308 Systematic Biology/Biological Systematics.
  • 26.1309 Epidemiology.
  • 26.1310 Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.
  • 26.1399 Ecology, Evolution, Systematics and Population Biology, Other.
  • 26.1401 Molecular Medicine.
  • 26.1501 Neuroscience.
  • 26.1502 Neuroanatomy.
  • 26.1503 Neurobiology and Anatomy.
  • 26.1504 Neurobiology and Behavior.
  • 26.1599 Neurobiology and Neurosciences, Other.
  • 26.9999 Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Other.
  • 27.0101 Mathematics, General.
  • 27.0102 Algebra and Number Theory.
  • 27.0103 Analysis and Functional Analysis.
  • 27.0104 Geometry/Geometric Analysis.
  • 27.0105 Topology and Foundations.
  • 27.0199 Mathematics, Other.
  • 27.0301 Applied Mathematics, General.
  • 27.0303 Computational Mathematics.
  • 27.0304 Computational and Applied Mathematics.
  • 27.0305 Financial Mathematics.
  • 27.0306 Mathematical Biology.
  • 27.0399 Applied Mathematics, Other.
  • 27.0501 Statistics, General.
  • 27.0502 Mathematical Statistics and Probability.
  • 27.0503 Mathematics and Statistics.
  • 27.0599 Statistics, Other.
  • 27.9999 Mathematics and Statistics, Other.
  • 30.0101 Biological and Physical Sciences.
  • 30.0501 Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.
  • 30.0601 Systems Science and Theory.
  • 30.0801 Mathematics and Computer Science.
  • 30.1001 Biopsychology.
  • 30.1101 Gerontology.
  • 30.1201 Historic Preservation and Conservation.
  • 30.1202 Cultural Resource Management and Policy Analysis.
  • 30.1299 Historic Preservation and Conservation, Other.
  • 30.1301 Medieval and Renaissance Studies.
  • 30.1501 Science, Technology and Society.
  • 30.1701 Behavioral Sciences.
  • 30.1801 Natural Sciences.
  • 30.1901 Nutrition Sciences.
  • 30.2001 International/Global Studies.
  • 30.2101 Holocaust and Related Studies.
  • 30.2201 Ancient Studies/Civilization.
  • 30.2202 Classical, Ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern Studies and Archaeology.
  • 30.2501 Cognitive Science.
  • 30.2601 Cultural Studies/Critical Theory and Analysis.
  • 30.2701 Human Biology.
  • 30.2801 Dispute Resolution.
  • 30.2901 Maritime Studies.
  • 30.3001 Computational Science.
  • 30.3101 Human Computer Interaction.
  • 30.3201 Marine Sciences.
  • 30.3301 Sustainability Studies.
  • 30.9999 Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, Other.
  • 38.0102 Logic.
  • 40.0101 Physical Sciences.
  • 40.0201 Astronomy.
  • 40.0202 Astrophysics.
  • 40.0203 Planetary Astronomy and Science.
  • 40.0299 Astronomy and Astrophysics, Other.
  • 40.0401 Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, General.
  • 40.0402 Atmospheric Chemistry and Climatology.
  • 40.0403 Atmospheric Physics and Dynamics.
  • 40.0404 Meteorology.
  • 40.0499 Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, Other.
  • 40.0501 Chemistry, General.
  • 40.0502 Analytical Chemistry.
  • 40.0503 Inorganic Chemistry.
  • 40.0504 Organic Chemistry.
  • 40.0506 Physical Chemistry.
  • 40.0507 Polymer Chemistry.
  • 40.0508 Chemical Physics.
  • 40.0509 Environmental Chemistry.
  • 40.0510 Forensic Chemistry.
  • 40.0511 Theoretical Chemistry.
  • 40.0599 Chemistry, Other.
  • 40.0601 Geology/Earth Science, General.
  • 40.0602 Geochemistry.
  • 40.0603 Geophysics and Seismology.
  • 40.0604 Paleontology.
  • 40.0605 Hydrology and Water Resources Science.
  • 40.0606 Geochemistry and Petrology.
  • 40.0607 Oceanography, Chemical and Physical.
  • 40.0699 Geological and Earth Sciences/Geosciences, Other.
  • 40.0801 Physics, General.
  • 40.0802 Atomic/Molecular Physics.
  • 40.0804 Elementary Particle Physics.
  • 40.0805 Plasma and High-Temperature Physics.
  • 40.0806 Nuclear Physics.
  • 40.0807 Optics/Optical Sciences.
  • 40.0808 Condensed Matter and Materials Physics.
  • 40.0809 Acoustics.
  • 40.0810 Theoretical and Mathematical Physics.
  • 40.0899 Physics, Other.
  • 40.1001 Materials Science.
  • 40.1002 Materials Chemistry.
  • 40.1099 Materials Sciences, Other.
  • 40.9999 Physical Sciences, Other.
  • 41.0000 Science Technologies/Technicians, General.
  • 45.0101 Social Sciences, General.
  • 45.0102 Research Methodology and Quantitative Methods.
  • 45.0201 Anthropology.
  • 45.0202 Physical and Biological Anthropology.
  • 45.0203 Medical Anthropology.
  • 45.0204 Cultural Anthropology.
  • 45.0299 Anthropology, Other.
  • 45.0301 Archeology.
  • 45.0401 Criminology.
  • 45.0501 Demography and Population Studies.
  • 45.0601 Economics, General.
  • 45.0602 Applied Economics.
  • 45.0603 Econometrics and Quantitative Economics.
  • 45.0604 Development Economics and International Development.
  • 45.0605 International Economics.
  • 45.0699 Economics, Other.
  • 45.0701 Geography.
  • 45.0702 Geographic Information Science and Cartography.
  • 45.0799 Geography, Other.
  • 45.0902 National Security Policy Studies.
  • 45.0999 International Relations and National Security Studies, Other.
  • 45.1004 Political Economy.
  • 45.1101 Sociology.
  • 45.1301 Sociology and Anthropology.
  • 45.1401 Rural Sociology.
  • 45.9999 Social Sciences, Other.
  • 51.1401 Medical Scientist.
  • 52.0601 Business/Managerial Economics.
  • 52.1302 Business Statistics.
  • 54.0101 History, General.
  • 54.0102 American History (United States).
  • 54.0103 European History.
  • 54.0104 History and Philosophy of Science and Technology.
  • 54.0105 Public/Applied History.
  • 54.0106 Asian History.
  • 54.0107 Canadian History.
  • 54.0108 Military History.
  • 54.0199 History, Other.